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Notes on the Origins and Locations of Place Names

Newcastle ~ Lake Macquarie ~ Hunter Valley



Aberglasslyn. Co. Northumberland. In 1893 a postal receiving office 123 miles N. of Sydney with mail twice a week. The nearest railway station West Maitland 6 miles on the northern line. A rich rural district on the south bank of the Hunter [37]

Aberglasslyn House - Sandstone house overlooking the Hunter River. Built for George Hobler in 1840. 3 miles from W. Maitland

Abbey Green - Co. Northumberland. Estate of George Loder on the Hunter River near Singleton. Also owned by Alexander Warren and Archibald Mossman. In 1893 described as a small settlement on the banks of the Hunter [37]

Aberdare - Cessnock district

Aberdeen - Aboriginal name Moonbil. Co. Brisbane. In 1828 Thomas Potter McQueen was granted 10,000 acres between Scone and Muswellbrook. He named this small township Aberdeen after his friend George Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen. In 1893 money order, telegraph offices and govt savings bank. A railway station on the northern line. The district is agricultural and pastoral with some rich flats of cultivation ground [37]

Abernethy - 8 km from Cessnock

Aboriginal Grant - former 10,000 acre grant - for location {see Dangar's 1828 map [29]}. Wahrah

Adams Green - Also Adams Flat or Black Adams Flat; after Isaac Adam White an Aboriginal man who lived there

Adams Peak - Co. Northumberland. Situated on the W. bank of the Wollombi Brook in parish of Dalton near the junction of Drew's Creek in the Hunter Range [37]

Adamstown - Named after Surveyor Thomas Adams, who surveyed the town in 1869. In 1893 a municipal district, governed by eight aldermen and a mayor, situated in parish of Newcastle. Coal mining. Population 2000 [37]

Aelaong - Co. in Northumberland bounded on North by Pokolbin

Ahalton Farm - In 1829 James McClymont's farm on the Hunter River adjoining Nelson's Plains. Later owned by Henry Carmichael

Albion Farm - 300 acres owned by John Tucker junior at Patterson's Plains 1823

Albion House - Store belonging to Edward Taylor near the Long Bridge, West Maitland

Albuera - Drummond Mountain range Liverpool Plains. Named by Captain Forbes of 39th Regt.,

Alderley Creek - Stroud.

Alderley House - situated on Bucketts Way halfway between Stroud and Booral. Built c. 1831. Sir W. Edward Parry's wife Isabella was born at Alderley, Cheshire

Alderley Stables - Established c. November 1831 by Sir Edward Parry near Stroud.

Aliceton - Co. Northumberland. In 1893 a post office with mail twice a week. 132 N of Sydney [37]

Allandale - After place in Scotland. Grant to Captain Alexander Anderson - Co. Northumberland. Upper Hunter River. In 1893 a railway station on the northern line, post office. 126 miles N of Sydney. [37]

Allandale - parish of NSW bounded N. by Branxton; S by Pokolbin; W. by Rothbury. Cessnock district.

Allan's Hill - Newcastle - Called after the Harbour Master Mr. Allan who resided there (1876); also known as Signal Hill; also known as The Sand Hills - Soldiers camped there in 1878 -

Allworth - Small village 60 km north of Newcastle. Crystal Creek runs through it

Allynbrook - Co. Durham. In 1893 a post office with mail 3 times a week. 152 miles N of Sydney. Nearest railway station West Maitland. [37]

Allyn, Mount - Co. Durham. Situated 16 miles N of the village of Eccleston; is a peak of the Mount Royal Range at the head of the Allyn River. - [37]

Allyn River - Co. Durham. Falls into the Paterson River

Alnwick - Parish in Co. Northumberland. Bounded on N. and E. by the Hunter River; W. by Maitland and S by Hexham. Later known as Cock-a-Dingy

Alpha Nursery - Lake Macquarie Road opposite St. John's Church, Newcastle 1860s

Althorpe - Parish in Co. Durham bounded on N. by Vaux; W. and S by Hunter River and E. by Wynn.

Amboise - 2,000 acre property that stretched from the coast between Wamberal and Terrigal Lagoons, all the way to Erina Creek. Estate of Willoughby Bean; David Maziere and Henry Donnison

Amersham - Cardiff/Glendale - Early name for Joseph Weller's land (1830's)

Anderson's Hill - Belmont. Named after John Anderson Angora Heights - Teralba; also known as Billy Goat Hill Anley's Creek - Creek below Dungog cemetery - named for Ferdinand Anley who held a grant further up. Later known as Cangon Creek.

Anambah - Estate of George Cobb

Andrew's Corner - Cessnock

Annandale - Estate of David Maziere - Hunter River - later Dalwood owned by George Wyndham

Annandale - House built by Major Edward Johnston - Paterson

Annasdale - Branxton - Dangar's Map

Anvil Creek - A small tributary of Black Creek flowing through the village of Greta.

Apple Tree Flat - situated at Jerry's Plains

Apple Tree Flat - early name for Killingworth

Arbuthnot Valley - Liverpool Plains. Low lying flat on the E side of Warrabungle Range. [37]

Arcadia Vale - Ideal rustic paradise. Originally named Kirkdale after early settler Joseph Kirk.

Archerfield - Grant to George Bowman in 1825 at the Hunter River opposite the junction of Falbrook

Arden Hall Estate - Estate of John Dowe - 12 miles from Scone

Ardessier House - The house of Alexander Munro, first Mayor of Singleton.

Ardglen - Liverpool Plains

Arnott's Steam Biscuit Factory - Union Street Newcastle built in 1889

Arabella estate - near Underbank Dungog district

Arrarrowine - Run belonging to John Robertson - Liverpool Plains

Arrowfield - George Bowman's grant. Muswellbrook district

Arthur, Mount. Co. Durham. A high mountain a few miles S of Muswellbrook. [37]

Arundinetum - Mirrabooka - The name of Joseph Marshall's property at Sugar Bay and site of the sugar processing plant

Ash Island - Named by Colonel Paterson on June 17, 1801, on account of 'a very excellent wood similar in quality to ash, and grows as large'. Estate of Alexander Walker Scott. Also known as Glandville or Greville Island. Situated in the lower part of the Hunter River 3 miles from Newcatle and opposite Hexham. In 1893, 5 miles in length and 2 miles in width. This island together with Mosquito and som other small islands divide the stream of the Hunter into two parts called the North and South Channels, the former being th one used by steamers. [37]

Ashton - homestead on Hunter River, Parish Ravensworth - Dangar's Map [29]

Atunga - Liverpool Plains. Co. Parry. Bosley's station. In 1893 a post office with daily mail from Sydney. Nearest railway station Tamworth.

Auchentorlie Estate - Residence of Police Magistrate Thomas Cook at Dungog

Auckland - Co. Durham, a small agricultural village a short distance to the W of Singleton at the junction of Rix's Creek. [37]

Auckland Street, Newcastle - Named after the Earl of Auckland who was b. 1784; holder of position in British Government

Avoca Point - Co. Northumberland six miles from E. Gosford

Avon River - Co. Gloucester. [37]

Awaba - A plain surface. Aboriginal name for Lake Macquarie. Co. Northumberland. Town in Lake Macquarie shire. In 1893 a railway station on the Sydney and Newcastle line. [37]

Awabakal - 'Gal' or 'Kal' means 'the people'

Awaba Park - Booragul

Awaba Park Estate - Marmong Point (NMH 8 June 1878)

Notes on the Origins and Locations of the Hunter Region has been derived from the following sources

[1] Trove - National Library of Australia

[2] Newcastle Morning Herald 11 December 1954

[3] The Newcastle Sun 2 May 1918

[4] The Newcastle Sun 26 January 1931

[5] The Many names of Newcastle Mulumbinba

[6] The Muswellbrook Chronicle 8 November 1899 ( native names of place from black tracker Jimmy of Muswellbrook)

[7] Lake Macquarie History of Places

[8] Cadell, F.A., Survey of Newcastle, Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 1936

[9] Davies, Noel, Convict Nobbys : the story of the convict construction of Macquarie's Pier and the reconstruction of Nobbys Island

[10] Historical Roads of New South Wales

[11] Keith H. Clouten, Reid's mistake : the story of Lake Macquarie from its discovery until 1890

[12] County Electors in Newcastle 1855

[13] Hunter Estates Comparative Heritage Study

[14] The Dungog Chronicle 6 July 1949

[15] The Scone Advocate 24 July 1894 (Muswellbrook names)

[16] Wingham Chronicle 13 November 1931 (Manning River places)

[17] King Tom's Aboriginal Geography in Memorandum of E.C. Close, in Australian Town and Country Journal, 12 January 1878, p. 8.

[18] Aboriginal names, Australian Town and Country Journal 11 January 1879p. 17

[19] Henry Thomas Ebsworth papers, June 1825-February 1827; with illustration and maps

[20] Horsemen of the First Frontier (1788-1900) and the Serpent's Legacy Front Cover Keith Robert Binney

[21] An Australian Language as spoken by the Awabakal, the people of Awaba, Lake Macquarie, being an account of their language, traditions and customs - Lancelot Threlkeld (many of the aboriginal terms above have come from this source which is probably the language of the lower Hunter tribes)(many of the aboriginal terms above have come from this source which is probably the language of the lower Hunter tribes)

[22] Hunter Living Histories - Ludwig Leichhardt in Newcastle

[23] A geographical dictionary or gazetteer of the Australian colonies ... By William Henry Wells

[24] Placenames as a guide to language distribution in the Upper Hunter - Jim Wafer

[25] Lake Macquarie : past and present

[26] Wangi Wangi Street Names by Clive Read

[27] Forgotten place names of Lake Macquarie - Lake Macquarie Library online

[28] Lake Macquarie: Parish of Awaba, County of Northumberland, Shire of Lake Macquarie. Parish map in 4 sheets and reference sheet: South East Sheet

[29] Map of the Hunter River and its branches by Henry Dangar 1828

[30] Robert Dixon's 1837 Map - Trove

[31] Ensign Francis Barrallier's Map 1801 - Hunter Living Histories

[32] Australian Town and Country Journal 22 November 1873

[33] Procter's Sketch 1841 - Hunter Living Histories

[34] Tegg's Pocket Almanac

[35] Map of Young Wallsend (Edgeworth) showing Salty Creek Recreation Area, c.1920. Scanned from: Road and tourists' map of Lake Macquarie and environs, H. E. C. Robinson Limited, Sydney.

[36] Salty Creek Recreation Area

[37] Geographical Encyclopaedia of New South Wales

[38] Atlas of the settled counties of New South Wales - State Library NSW

[39] Maitland Weekly Mercury 4 July 1896

[40] Empire 3 Dec 1853 Lecture on the Kamilaroi Blacks (Rev. William Ridley)

[41) Israel's subdivision map of Wangi c. 1923. State Library of NSW

[42] Hunter 2000, National Trust of Australia (NSW), 1973

[43] Lauchland, E. S., Homes we Visited - Dumore. Newcastle & Hunter District Historical Society Journal, 1947 p. 39

Australian Slang and Unique Phrases

Female Convicts

Living Conditions on Convict Ships

Heritage Buildings in Newcastle

Pastors and Priests in the Hunter Valley