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Convict Ship Parmelia

1832


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Convict Ship Parmelia 1832


Embarked: 200 men
Voyage: 111 days
Deaths: 4
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Tons: 446
Previous vessel: Dunvegan Castle arrived 16 October 1832
Next vessel: Mary arrived 5 January 1833
Captain James Gilbert
Surgeon Superintendent Richard Allen
Prisoners and passengers of the Parmelia identified in the Hunter Valley

 Whale tooth scrimshaw 'Parmelia' by Jesper Rasmussen depicting the ship Parmelia, with a banding of dolphins to the base, inscribed to verso 'Built at Quebec 1825 Swan River 1829, Jesper 1984, Albany'.[2]

The Parmelia was built at Quebec in 1825. She played a significant part in the history of Freemantle, Western Australia before making two voyages bringing convicts to New South Wales in 1832 and 1834.

The Parmelia arrived at Portsmouth from Sierra Leone on 18th April 1832 having been employed taking marines to the coast of Africa before being engaged as a convict transport to take English prisoners to New South Wales.


Embarkation

Richard Allen kept a Medical Journal from 18 June 1832 to 28 November 1832.....

On the 28th June the Parmelia proceeded to Woolwich and on the 2nd and 3rd of July convicts were received from the Hulks from which cholera had but recently disappeared. On the 4th July she proceeded down the river to complete her embarkation at Sheerness where the disease was also raging. Later in July the Essex Standard reported of the cholera outbreak in London -

During the last four days the cholera morbus has been rapidly on the increase. The Times mentions, that five cases have taken place on one day in one of the City prisons. There have been 49 deaths in St. Katherine's Docks within the last few days, and 10 in the London Docks within a day or two. The ship Fanny bound for Sydney with female convicts, is detained at the Little Nore with it, having had 14 or 15 cases, and, up to Sunday afternoon, four deaths, and several hopeless cases. It is raging on board the Parmelia and the John Craig at Standgate Creek. [1]

Two people died of cholera before the Parmelia even left England : John Wilson, soldier, died 2 July 1832 and Thomas Hopkins, convict, died 7 July 1832.


Military Guard

The Guard consisted of 31 rank and file of the 4th Regiment, one soldier of the 17th and one of the 63rd with their wives and families, under the command of Captain Young of the 38th regiment and Lieut. Williamson of the 48th regiment.


Cabin Passengers

Passengers included Assistant surgeon Stevens R.N.


The Voyage

Prisoners died on the voyage: - Roger Sims died on 24 August 1832, and John Sullivan died on 30 August 1832. Charles Ashall and Edward Gribbin both died at sea (indents)


Port Jackson

One hundred and ninety six prisoners arrived in Port Jackson on 16 November 1832. The voyage had taken thirteen weeks.

A muster was held on board by Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay on 20th November 1832. The indents include name, age, education, religion, marital status, family, native place, trade, when and where tried, sentence, former convictions, physical description and occasional information about colonial crimes, death or pardons. There is no information in the indents as to where the convicts were assigned on arrival.


Some of the notes in the indents include:
Michael Allen - Sent to Norfolk Island
William Broad's Ticket of Leave was cancelled and he was placed on Pinch Gut Island for 12 months in December 1841
John Baxter sent to Norfolk Island
James Compson - Died in the Hospital at Bathurst 19 January 1837
Edward Dowling - Died in Camden in 1858
William Eccles - Drowned near Newcastle on 28 February 1835. See letter of Mr. Boughton of Paterson
John Forster - Died in the service of James Ryrie County St. Vincent
George Griffiths - Died on 26 February 1837 in the service of Mr. Boughton of Paterson
Isaac Gorman - Died in Liverpool Hospital 19 September 1839
Thomas Gascoyne - Died in hospital at Port Macquarie 19 November 1836
William Howarth - Died at Port Macquarie 30 March 1835
Thomas Harrison - died in Sydney Hospital 25 March 1834
James Harley - worthless character
Charles Holliday - Sentenced to 3 years at Moreton Bay May 1834 by Windsor Bench
Edward Mastin - Died at Wolumbie 14 December 1832
Hugh McCormick - Died in Bathurst Hospital 10 July 1839
James Thompson - died in the General Hospital Sydney
James Wingate - Died at Norfol kIsland
David Wyllie - Died at Port Macquarie Hospital 21 January 1845

Prisoners were landed on 28th November 1832. The Sydney Herald reported that they were young active men who would be an acquisition to the settlers.

From the Monitor - The men per Parmelia were all landed on Wednesday and duly assigned, sinking among our population as the water sinks among the sand, not being to be seen the next day. Had they been free men, they would have remained above the sand with the tenacity of clay. Such is the difference between youth and age, men unincumbered and men encumbered and men who must work whether they will or no, and men who need not work if they choose to starve. [3]

The Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser gave a view of the labour situation at the time.......The arrival of so many convicts and free labourers, with the non arrival of masters and money to employ them, have already caused wages to fall in common free labour 25 per cent. throughout the Colony, and especially in Sydney. Many trades however keep up their wages. [4]


Departure

The Parmelia departed the colony late in December 1832 and arrived in Batavia on 29 January 1833. She departed Batavia 5th March, St. Helena 17th May 1833 and arrived back at Portsmouth on 8 August 1833.

Having embarked prisoners in Cork the Parmelia departed Ireland bound for New South Wales with another ship load of convicts on 29 October 1833 arriving back at Port Jackson on 2 March 1834.


Prisoners of the Parmelia identified in the Hunter region


Name Notes
Allen, Michael Tinman, brazier and farm labourer from Durham age 25. Married with 3 children. Tried at Durham 29 February 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for house breaking. Description: eyes hollow, stout made. Assigned to John Wighton at Nelsons Plains in January 1833.In 1834 Michael Donavon, John Baxter and Michael Allen all assigned servants to John Wighton, were convicted at the Maitland Quarter Sessions of sheep stealing and sentenced to transportation to a penal settlement for the term of their natural lives. Sent to Newcastle Gaol and then to the Hulk and afterwards to Norfolk Island. On 1st December 1844 he escaped from Cockatoo Island. He was still at large in May 1845
Aspinall, Edward Coal miner from Lincolnshire age 24. Married with 1 child. Tried at Wigan 3 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for house breaking. Description: face disfigured from a powder blast. Right arm dreadfully burnt and back of left hand. Top points of two fingers broken. Assigned to John Wighton at Nelsons Plains in January 1833 Granted a Ticket of Leave for Paterson in 1843. Married Sarah Bartlett (free immigrant) in 1845. Granted a Conditional Pardon in 1847
Bailey, Thomas Farm boy age 18 from Staffordshire. Tried at Stafford 8 March 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing fowls. In January 1833 assigned to John McDonald at Pitt Town.Assigned to George Bowen at Merton in 1837. Granted a Ticket of Leave for the district of Maitland in 1841. Sent to Newcastle Gaolfrom Windsor in February 1842 on a charge of drunkenness and being absent from his district. Sent to Maitland to be dealt with. At Merton in April 1842 his ticket of leave was cancelled for disorderly conduct and representing himself to be a constable.In July 1844 his Ticket of Leave was cancelled for being absent from Maitland
Barnes, William Born in Staffordshire. Sentenced to transportation for life 8 March 1832. Assigned to Samuel Wright on arrival and employed as a shepherd.. Assigned to Captain Wright at Parramatta in January 1833.Married to Isabella Turton (nee Moore) 6 February 1839 at West Maitland
Bartlett, Charles Labourer age 23 from London. Tried 7 April 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for robbing his master..Assigned to Samuel Wright at Parramatta in January 1833.Assigned to Samuel Wright at Merton in 1836. Granted a Ticket of Leave for district of Merton in 1838
Baxter, Charles In January 1833 assigned servant to Alexander McDougall at Patrick Plains. In June 1833 assigned to McDougall when he was sentenced to 50 lashes for neglect and returned to government service. In March 1837 absconded from James Robertson at Merton for the second time. Apprehended a week later, Sent to Newcastle Gaol in February 1843 for non payment of hospital dues. Forwarded to Hyde Park Barracks. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Patrick Plains in March 1843
Baxter, John Farm servant, shepherd, milks. Age 24.Married. Tried at Lincolnshire 4 May 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation forrobbery on a rope walk. In January 1833 assigned to John Wighton at Nelsons Plains. In 1834 Michael Donavon, John Baxter and Michael Allen all assigned servants to John Wighton, were convicted at the Maitland Quarter Sessions of sheep stealing and sentenced to transportation to a penal settlement for the term of their natural lives. They were to be sent to Norfolk Island. While awaiting trial John Baxter was convicted before the Newcastle Bench of robbing a fellow prisoners in his ward and sentenced to 6 months to an iron gang.
Best, Henry Age 20. Labourer from Canterbury. Tried 5 April 1832 at Canterbury and sentenced to 7 years transportation for for highway robbery. Assigned to John Wighton at Nelsons Plains in January 1833. Sent to Newcastle Gaol in March 1833, to be forwarded to Hyde Park Barracks.Assigned to the A. A. Company at Port Stephens in 1837. In March 1841 sent to Newcastle gaol from Paterson on suspicion of being a runaway. Sent to Hyde Park Barracks for identification. In 1848 at Dungoghe attacked his wife Maria Ann Best...On Saturday night our township was thrown into great confusion by the report that another murder had been committed. On the police proceeding to the spot they found that a man named Henry Best, alias Darkey Bess, was standing over his wife, after having, as he supposed, murdered her. He was at once secured, and lodged in the lock- up. Dr. McKinlay was instantly in attendance, to render assistance to the unfortunate woman, who up to this morning lies in a most precarious state. As in Mrs. Neilson's case, so also here, the head was aimed at, and it is almost cut to pieces. He was later found guilty of assaulting and wounding his wife Maria Ann Best and sent to Newcastle gaol from Dungog under sentence of 7 years on the roads
Brock, William Cabinet maker and inlayer, good, from London. Age 23. Tried 5 January 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for burglary. In January 1843 sent to Newcastle Gaol from Reedy Creek. To be returned to government service, forwarded to Hyde Park Barracks. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Maitland district in 1843. Applied to marry Rosanna Gallaher (ship James Moran) at Singleton in December 1847
Brown, Joseph Farm servant, milks, age 25. Tried at Stafford 8 March 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing fowls. In January 1833 assigned servant to Henry Baldwin at Wilberforce. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Patrick Plains in April 1838
Brown, William Seaman age 20 from Plymouth. Tried at Monmouthshire 24 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for house breaking. Assigned servant to John McDonald at Pitt Town in January 1833. Absconded from service of John McDonald at Maitland in July 1833. Admitted to Sydney gaol from Hyde Park Barracks in January 1834 under sentence of 12 months in an iron gang. Admitted to Parramatta Gaol under sentence of 2 months on the treadmill in December 1835. In 1839 he was sent for trial in the Supreme Court, Sydney
Christie, Samuel Quarryman age 26 from Stirling. Trid at Perth 18 April 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for shop lifting.Assigned servant to Messrs Helenus and Robert Scott at Glendon in January 1833. In 1836 charged by overseer Henry Thompson with losing sheep and sentenced to 100 lashes. Absconded from service of Helenus Scott in November 1837 and was apprehended soon afterwards. Granted a Certificate of Freedom in 1841
Christopher, William Farm servant age 31. Married with 2 children. Tried at Bristol 2 January 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for rioting. Assigned servant to George Loder at Windsor in January 1833. Assigned to Mr. Loder at Patrick Plains in 1837. Granted a Ticket of Leave for the District of Patrick Plains in 1837
Clare, David Labourer age 27 from Kent. Tried at Maidstone 3 April 1832. Married with 1 child. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing potatoes. Assigned servant to George Loder at Windsor in January 1833. May have been at Port Macquarie in 1838. Sent to Newcastle gaol from Singleton in January 1843. An invalid and pauper. Surrendered his ticket of leave and sent to Hyde Park Barracks. Granted a Ticket of Leave in June 1843
Cooper, Charles Weighing machine maker age 32 from Essex. Married. Tried at London 26 October 1831. Sentenced to transportation for life for horse stealing. Assigned to H. C. Sempill at Segenhoe in January 1833.Assigned to H. C. Sempill at Woolloomooloo in 1837. Granted a Ticket of leave for Scone in 1841
Cooper, John Farm servant, milks. Native place Northamptonshire. Tried at Lincolnshire 5 March 1831. Sentenced to transportation for life for house breaking. Assigned servant to John Johnstone at Portland Head in January 1833.Assigned to John Howe at Patrick Plains in 1837. Granted a Ticket of Leave in 1841. Married Rachel Stewart (ship George Hibbert) in May 1842. Ticket of leave cancelled for drunkenness in December 1842. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Patrick Plains in July 1843.
Crole, Nathan Errand boy age 16 from Dundee. Tried at Perth 20 April 1832. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for robbing a counting house. Sent to Newcastle gaol in September 1841.Multiple colonial sentences including 2 years in an iron gang.
Davis, John Age 36. Farm servant and dairy man from Chester. Tried at Chester 31 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for sheep stealing . Assigned to Charles Blaxland at Wollombi on arrival Granted Ticket of Leave for Cassilis 11 February 1841. Granted Condition Pardon June 1846
Devine, George Age 19. Shoemaker, tolerable. Native place Aberdeen. Tried at Yorkshire 8 April 1831. Sentnced to 7 years transportation for house breaking. Assigned to J. Sarson in Sydney on arrival Granted a Ticket of leave for Brisbane Water in 1837. Married Charlotte Worthington at Parramatta in 1845
Dickinson, John Groom and coachman age 26 from London. Tried in London 1 December 1831. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing a watch. Assigned to Dr. Bowman in Sydney on arrival.Assigned to William Bowman at Patrick Plains in 1837. Sent to Newcastle gaol from Patrick Plains under sentence of 21 days in the cells in February 1838
Eccles, William Weaver and mariner age 41 from Manchester. Married. Tried 9 April 1832 and sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing a watch. . In January 1833 he was assigned to John Herring Boughton at Paterson River.In September 1833 he was punished for a colonial crime at Paterson....Punishment inflicted by Sentence of the Bench in the presence of P.N. Anley, Magistrate. 50 lashes for feigning illness. Did not appear to suffer much. Drowned at Newcastle on 28 February 1835. See letter from Mr. Boughton at Paterson River dated 18 March 1835
Edwards, John Fellmonger age 33 from Kent. Widower with five children. Tried at Maidstone 12 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for sheep stealing. Sentenced to transportation for life. Assigned to John Pike at Pickering in 1833.Granted a Ticket of Leave for Merton 11 February 1842. Ticket cancelled having been sentenced to 12 months in irons on 7 December 1841 for house breaking. Ticket restored in 1845. Married E. Sherlock (came free per William Metcalf) at Patrick Plains in October 1845.
Fellowes, Stephen Age 26. Butcher and crucible maker from Wolverhampton. Married. Tried at Stafford 8 March 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for house breaking. Description - left arm and hand dreadfully burnt, the greatest part of the latter lost. Assigned to Robert Crawford at Hillend in 1833.Assigned to Charles Windeyer in 1837
Fraser, John Stable boy from Edinburgh age 20. Tried at Edinburgh 20 June 1831. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for house breaking. Assigned to James Glennie at Dulwich in 1833. Sent to Newcastle gaol from Patrick Plains in February 1835 under sentence of 28 days in the cells. Sent to Newcastle gaol from Maitland July 1841, under sentence of 3 months hard labourer
Freer, John Servant and groom age 53 from Lincolnshire. Widower with 5 children. Tried at Lincolnshire 10 January 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing clams. Assigned to John Pike at Pickering in 1837. Worked as a servant to John Wilkie at Scone. Died at Scone after becoming ill after a hearty meal.
Gardner, Christopher Iron boiler maker from Liverpool age 16. Tried at Liverpool 23 January 1832. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing shoes. Assigned to Charles Blaxland at Merton in 1833 - 1837 Granted a Ticket of Leave for Merton in 1839. Ticket cancelled in June 1840 for disorderly conduction with a direction that Gardner be returned to Government serivce . Granted a Ticket of Leave for Paterson in12 December 1842. Married Mary Tuckey in 1848
Gates, Thomas Alias Yates. Reed maker, soldier and groom age 30 from Glasgow. Chatham court martial 17 April 1832. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for mutiny.Assigned to Lieut. Perrior at Bathurst in 1833. Absconded from his district of Cassilis in January 1844. Ticket of Leave cancelled in May 1845. Died in Sydney General Hospital on 3 June 1845
Goldfinch, William Farmer's boy age 19 from Margate. Tried at Dover 24 February 1832. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for house breaking. Assigned to James Wright in Sydney in 1833. Assigned to Messrs Wright and Long. Sentenced to receive a corporal punishment of 50 lashes and to be returned to service for insolence to his overseer. Granted Ticket of Leave for Maitland in 1843
Graves, Edward Blacksmith. Age 24. Widower. Tried at Lincolnshire 3 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for forging a note. Assigned to George Mosman at Williams River in 1833. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Raymond Terrace in December 1840. Ticket cancelled for drunkenness and disorderly conduct in 1842. Ticket of Leave granted for Dungog in 1843. In 1850 he owned a blacksmith's shop at Raymond Terrace however he was sentenced to 12 months hard labour in gaol for receiving stolen items in July 1850
Griffiths, George & Farm Servant. Assigned to John Herring Boughton at Paterson in 1833 and 1837. Died at Paterson in February 1837
Hancock, William (James) Kitchen gardener (tolerable) age 19 from Woolwich. Tried at Derby 14 March 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for house breaking.. Assigned to Captain Rossi in Sydney in 1833. In 1833 assigned to William Brooks near Newcastle
Harley, James Butcher age 20 from Co. Durham. Tried at Northumberland 25 February 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for shop lifting. Assigned to John Johnstone at Darlington in 1833.Assigned to James Reid at Newcastle in 1836. Absconded and apprehended from John Plaistowe at Maitland in February 1837.In October 1838 absconded from service of Robert Scott and apprehended in December. Absconded from the service of William Fenwick at Newcastle on 6 January 1840. Ticket of Leave cancelled for being absent from the disrict of Queanbeyan in August 1851
Heaton, Richard Bleacher and farm labourer age 21 from Lancashire. Tried at Manchester 9 April 1832. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for highway robbery. Assigned to Richard C. Pritchett in Sydney in 1833. Assigned to William Todhunter at Paterson in 1837. Granted at Ticket of Leave for the district of Maitland in 1841. Married Jane Dawson (came free per Templar) in 1845 .
Howarth, William Soldier and weaver age 60 from Co. Tyrone. Married with four children. Tried at Lancaster 3 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for manslaughter. Emaciated appearance.Assigned to A. W. Scott at Ash Island in 1833. Died at Port Macquarie Hospital in March 1835
Hurd, Henry Brickmaker (good) age 38 from London.Tried at Gloucester 28 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for rioting. Assigned to Robert Johnstone, at Annandale in January 1833. In September 1833 at Hyde Park Barracks, he was punished with 25 lashes for neglect of duty...this man was never flogged before; he cried out at the 3rd lash; he seemed to suffer great pain, and repeated loud cries at every lash.Granted a Ticket of Leave in 1844. In January 1848 admitted to Newcastle gaol from Maitland to await trial at the Circuit Court. He was sentenced to 3 months imprisonment. Ticket cancelled for an assault on a child at Maitland in September 1848
Kendall, James Ploughs, reaps and milks. Woodman. Age 27. Widower with 1 child. Tried at Bedford 3 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for house breaking. Assigned to A. W. Scott. In October 1835 admonished by the Bench after being charged with three other prisoners with drunkenness and disordelry conduct. In November 1835 sentenced to 75 lashes having been found guilty of disorderly conduct. He had allowed other men to be in his cottage. He was playing the fiddle and rum was found on the premises. In January 1836 he was charged with gross insubordination and insolence to overseer John James (Jones) who Kendall threatened to shoot. He was sent to Newcastle gaol in January 1836 for examination and sent to the Police Office.In February 1836 he was sentenced to 100 lashes. He was admitted to Newcastle gaol in August 1842. He had committed no offence but was returned to government service and sent to Hyde Park Barracks. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Newcastle in 1843. The Ticket was cancelled for being out of his district of Maitland in December 1843
Kenney, Jeremiah Clothmaker age 26 from Plymouth. Married with 2 children. Tried at Yorkshire 17 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for house breaking. Assigned to George Spray at Maitland in January 1833. Absconded from Edward G. Cory at Gostwyck in June 1834 and February 1836. Apprehended in September 1836.
Lockhart, Hugh Hawker from Renfrewshire age 26. Married.Tried at Edinburgh 6 January 1831. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for receiving stolen goods.Assigned servant to James Howe at Patrick Plains in January 1833. Granted a Ticket of Leave for the district of Patrick Plains in 1837
Mastin, Edward Butcher age 29 from Renfrewshire. Tried at Bedford 3 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for sheep stealing. Assigned servant to Andrew McDougall at Patrick Plains in January 1833. Died at Wollombi 14 December 1833
Maw, Robert Farm servant age 29 from York. Tried at Yorkshire 8 April 1831. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for house breaking. Assigned servant to William White at Merton in January 1833. Assigned to William Ogilvie at Merton in 1837. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Merton in 1837
McCutcheon, William Shepherd age 33 from Co. Gallway. Tried at Dumfries 10 April 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for cattle stealing. Assigned servant toR. C. Pritchettin Sydney in January 1833. Assigned to William Todhunter at Paterson in 1837. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Maitland in 1840
McGhie, Edward Farm labourer age 23 from Co. Tyrone. Tried at Dumfries 11 April 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for house breaking. Assigned servant to James McDougall at Darlington in January 1833. Died in Sydney Hospital in 1838
Millard, Samuel Nailer age 22 from Staffordshire. Married with 1 child. Tried at Stafford 8 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for horse stealing. Assigned servant to James Bowman in Sydney in January 1833. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Patrick Plains in 1843
Morris, John Farm servant age 22 from Co. Down. Tried at Lincolnshire 3 March 1832. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for sheep stealing. Assigned servant to James Howe at Patrick Plains in January 1833 - 36. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Patrick Plains in 1840
Morris, Robert Dye house boy age 19 from Manchster. Tried at Manchester 9 April 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for shop robbery. Assigned servant to William White at Merton in January 1833. Assigned to William Ogilvie at Merton in 1836
Mortimer, Joseph Saddler (indifferent) and farm labourer age 22 from York. Married. Tried at Yorkshire 8 April 1831. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for house breaking. Assigned servant to Andrew McDougall at Patrick Plains in January 1833
Moss, James House painter age 23 from London. Tried at Surrey 17 October 1831. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing money. Assigned servant to John Martyn in Sydney in January 1833. Absconded from the A. A. Company 20 August 1840
Murphy, James Groom age 20 from Dublin. Tried at Liverool 9 April 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for street robbery. Assigned servant to Helenus Scott at Glendon in January 1833 -1836. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Parick Plains in 1836
Nash, Richard Butcher age 22 from Margate. Tried at Dover 24 February 1832. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for shop breaking.. Assigned servant to John Eales at Berry Park in January 1833. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Maitland in 1839
Nixon, Richard Linen weaver and butcher's boy age 24 from Yorkshire. Tried at Yorkshire 17 March 1831. Sentenced to transportation for life for house breaking.Assigned servant to James Foster at Petersham in January 1833. Admitted to Newcastle gaolfrom Sydney. To be forwarded to Maitland to a road gang on Upper Hunter. Sent 4 March 1835. Assigned to government service at Patrick Plains in 1836. Granted Ticket of Leave for Maitland in 1841
Parker, George Carter and farm labourer age 28 from Lincolnshire. Tried Lincolnshire 3 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for stabbing.Assigned servant to John Hoskinson at Windsor in January 1833. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Merton in 1840
Pearson, John Stable man, kitchen gardener age 33 from Derbyshire. Married with 2 children. Tried at Derby 14 March 1832. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for house breaking. Assigned servant to Thomas Shepherd at Darling Nursery in January 1833. Assigned to John Eales at Maitland in 1836. Graned a Ticket of Leave for Maitland in 1839. Ticket cancelled for larceny in December 1840.
Robinson, James Nailor (good), age 24 from Worcestershire. Tried at Stafford 8 March 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing fowls. Assigned servant to William MacArthur at Camden in January 1833. Assigned to Col. Dumaresq at Invermein in 1836. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Invermein in 1836.
Roscoe, Hugh Spinner, labourer aged 30 from Lancashire. Tried 9 April 1832 and sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing a watch. Assigned servant to John Kingwood at Kurrajong in January 1833. He was at Muswellbrook in May 1839. Edward Denny Day considered him unsuitable for a Ticket of Leave in May 1839
Russell, Henry Miller and baker age 32 from Northamptonshire. Married with 1 child. Tried at Huntingdon 7 March 1832. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for being an accessory to suicide. Assigned to John Larnach at Patrick Plains in February 1833 - 1836. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Patrick Plains in March 1839
Simpson, John Two convicts by this name by this ship. Age 18. Shop boy from Liverpool. Tried in Manchester on 9th April 1832 for picking pockets and sentenced to transportation for life. Small mole right cheek. Fair, ruddy, freckled complexion, brown hair. In February 1836 absconded from the estate of Dr. Radford. Forwarded to the Bench of Magistrates at Patrick Plains to be dealt with when apprehended. Absconded from Robert and Helenus Scott on 16 February 1836.Absconded from the Boats crew at Newcastle in October 1839 and apprehended in November. Granted a Ticket of Leave in 1845 for Queanbeyan. Ticket cancelled in 1852 for being absent from muster.
Smith, John (1) Silk weaver age 35 from Manchester. Brown complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes, small scar on bridge of nose, scar in centre of forehead, scar on heel of left hand. Absconded from Geslin Bernard at Maitland 13 January 1839
Smith, John (2) Waterman and stableman aged 33 from Middlesex. Tried 17 May 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing slats. Mole on left cheek. Assigned to Peter Grant Ogilvie 1833 - 1836 at Maitland. Granted Ticket of Leave for Maitland in December 1836
Taylor, John Butcher and horse breaker age 27 from Bedfordshire. Married with 3 children. Trid at Bedford 3 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for sheep stealing. Assigned to Robert Campbell in Sydney in January 1833. In November 1841 sent to Newcastle gaol for 7 days in the cells for dishonest conduct. Sent to Newcastle gaol in July 1842 having been returned to government service. Forwarded to Hyde Park Barracks. Absconded from hired service of Charles Humphrey at Walhollow, Liverpool Plains in April 1849. Ticket of Leave cancelled
Thomas, Joseph Farm servant age 20 from Gloustershire. Tried Gloucester 28 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for poaching. Assigned servant to Robert Howe in Sydney in January 1833. Assigned to H. I. Pilcher at Maitland in 1836. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Maitland in 1841.
Thomas, William Tin toy maker age 20 from London. Married. Tried at Kent 5 December 1831. Sentenced to 14 yers transportationfor picking pockets. Assigned to John White in Sydney in January 1833. Assigned to L. Samuel at Patrick Plains in 1837
Thomson, James Farm labourer age 25 from Larnack. Tried Glasgow 4 May 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for house breaking. Sent to Newcastle gaol from Dungog under sentence to 30 days hard labour for vagrancy in March 1841
Travis, Moses Indoor servant age 23 from Durham. Tried at Durham 29 February 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for robbing his master. Assigned to George M Slade in Sydney in January 1833. Absconded fromWilliams River in January 1838. Apprehended and sent to Newcastle gaol from Sydney in March 1838. To be forwarded to Port Stephens to be dealt with.
Turnock, Thomas Butcher age 35 from Staffordshire. Tried at Stafford 8 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for house breaking. Assigned to John McDonald at Pitt Town in January 1833. Married Mary Ann Morrow (free emigrant) at Maitland in 1841
Tyler, Jesse Slater and plasterer age 26 from Gloustershire. Tried at Gloucester 28 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for sheep stealing. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Maitland in 1843
Valentine, John Errand boy age 18 from Dumpries. Tried at Perth 20 April 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for opening lockfast places. Assigned to James Wyatt in Sydney in January 1833. Assigned to Emanuel Hungerford at Maitland in 1837. Absconded from service in February 1837. Apprehended at Maitland in Novmber 1840
Watson, John Farm servant age 38 from Yorkshire. Tried at Yorkshire 2 April 1832. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing. Assigned servant to John Connell in Sydney in January 1833. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Maitland in 1837
Wilmot, Joseph Age 21. Single man from Bedfordshire. Occupation - ploughs, reaps, sows, carter. Tried 3 March 1832 and sentenced to transportation for Life for sheep stealing. Assigned to Charles Windeyer at Dungog in 1837.Granted a Ticket of Leave for Raymond Terrace in 1841. ;Married Ann Connor (came free) in East Maitland in April 1842.
Wyllie, David Labourer age. Tried at Aberdeen 23 April 1832. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for house breaking. Assigned servant to John Wiseman at Hunter River in January 1833. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Patrick Plains in 1839. In May 1844 sent to Newcastle gaol from Singleton. Charged with twice absconding from hired service. Ticket of leave recommended to be cancelled. Died at Port Macquarie Hospital 21 January 1845
York, John Farm servant, shepherd and milks. Age 36. Native place Yorkshire. Tried at Chester 31 March 1832. Sentenced to transportation for life for sheep stealing. Assigned servant to John Wiseman at Hunter River in January 1833. Granted at Ticket of Leave for Patrick Plains in 1841.

Notes and Links

1).Convicts and passengers of the Parmelia identified in the Hunter Valley

2). Frederick Phillips, steward and John Davit, cook of the Parmelia were later charged with drinking the ship's wine after arrival in port.

3). James Gilbert was formerly Captain on the Edward in 1829 and 1831.

4). Richard Allen was surgeon on the convict ship James Laing in 1834.

5). Some of the prisoners embarked on the Parmelia had been involved in the Bristol Riots in October 1831. They included William Christopher, Henry Green and Aaron Martin John Wakefield, Charles Lee and Henry Hurd. Charges against some of them were for looting during the riots.

6). Convict Ships bringing detachments of the 4th (King's Own) Regiment..........

Jane departed Cork 29 April 1831. Commander of the Guard Captain George Mason

Surry departed Portsmouth 17 July 1831. Commander of the Guard Captain Charles Waldron 38th regt.

Asia departd Cork 6 August 1831. Commander of the Guard Captain Richard Chetwode

Norfolk departed 15 October 1831. Commander of the Guard Lieut. David William Lardy 4th regt.

Captain Cook departed Dublin 5 November 1831. Commander of the Guard Lieut. Gibbons 49th regt.

Portland departed Portmsouth 27 November 1831.

Isabella departed Cork 27 November 1831. Commander of the Guard Captain William Clarke 4th regt.

Bussorah Merchant departed Dublin 14 December 1831. Commander of the Guard Lieut. William Lonsdale 4th regt.

John departed the Downs 7 February 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut. George Baldwin 31st regt.,

Lady Harewood departed Portsmouth 15 March 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut. Lowth 38th regt.,

City of Edinburgh departed Cork 18 March 1832 . Commander of the Guard Lieut. Bayliss

Clyde departd Portsmouth 9 May 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut-Colonel Mackenzie

Eliza departed Cork 10 May 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut. Hewson

Planter departed Portsmouth 16 June 1832 under command of Lieuts. Bullin and 4th regt.

Dunvegan Castle departed Dublin 1 July 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut. Thomas Faunce 4th regt.

Parmelia departed Sheerness 28 July 1832 under Command of Captain Young 38th regt.

Waterloo departed Sheerness 12 March 1833 under Command of Captain Mondilhan 54th regt.


References

[1] Journal of Richard Allen. Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857. Original data: The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

[2] Whale tooth scrimshaw 'Parmelia' by Jesper Rasmussen depicting the ship Parmelia, with a banding of dolphins to the base, inscribed to verso 'Built at Quebec 1825 Swan River 1829, Jesper 1984, Albany'. Carter's Antiques

[3] The Monitor 1 December 1832

[4] Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser 14 December 1832





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