Convict Ship Norfolk - 1832
Embarked: 199 men
Voyage: 117 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Tons: 536 Crew: 37 men
Previous vessel: Bussorah Merchant arrived 14 December 1831
Next vessel: Asia arrived 13 February 1832
Captain William Henniker
Surgeon William Clifford
Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail
The Norfolk was built at Littlehampton in 1814. (1) Convicts were transported to New South Wales on the Norfolk in 1825, 1829, 1832, December 1832 (from Madras)and 1837.
Prisoners on this voyage came from the following counties: Cork, Limerick, Tipperary, Galway, Clare, Waterford, Roscommon, Mayo, Kilkenny and Sligo.
Surgeon William CliffordWilliam Clifford kept a Medical Journal from 8 the September 1831 to 23 February 1832 -
On 13th September 1831, 199 prisoners were transported from the hulk at Cork and embarked on the Norfolk. The Surgeon examined the men and found their general health good. He thought their clothing was improved from that of convicts under his superintendence in former voyages.
William Clifford was also surgeon on the Convict Ships Harmony (VDL), Forth (1)in 1830 and Sir Charles Forbes in 1837.
Military GuardThe guard consisted of 29 non-commissioned officers and privates accompanied by Lieut. Lardy, 4th regt.,
Cabin PassengersMrs. Henniker, wife of the Captain was the only cabin passenger
DepartureThe Norfolk departed Cork 15th October 1831 and the prisoners continued healthy until the ship entered the tropics when some inflammatory diseases appeared. (2). There were four deaths on the voyage out - Maurice Buckley, John Doughan, Patrick Kelly and John Magee. One died from syncope, two of phthisis and one from dysentery.
Port JacksonThe Norfolk arrived in Port Jackson on 9th February 1832.
Convict Thomas Cantwell died on his way from the ship to Sydney Hospital.
There was an accident to one of the seamen on 11th February while the ship lay in the harbour - while engaged on the main yard unbending sails, he fell to the deck and was so desperately bruised, as to render his removal to the General Hospital necessary.
Convict MusterThe men were mustered by Colonial Secretary Alexander Macleay on 12th February. The convict indents reveal the name, age, religion, education, marital status, family, native place, offence, occupation, place and date of trial, prior convictions and physical description. There is no information as to where the men were assigned on arrival. There is occasional information regarding colonial crimes, family members already in the colony, pardons and deaths. Prisoners' crimes ranged from vagrancy and theft to highway robbery, assault and manslaughter. One man had been sentenced to 7 years transportation for poisoning a dog. There were also men from Mayo, Clare, Roscommon and Galway who had all been convicted of administering unlawful oaths.
Convicts DisembarkedThe prisoners were landed on Thursday 23 February 1832. They were described as being for the better part, strong healthy labourers who would be an acquisition to the settlers amongst whom the majority of them were assigned.
The Sydney Gazette reported the following testimonial to Dr. Clifford by the prisoners:
Dr. Clifford, the Surgeon Superintendent of the Norfolk, has now performed three voyages, to this colony in that arduous and responsible capacity. For kind attention to the prisoners under his charge, united with the maintenance of the strictest discipline and good order, Dr. Clifford is not surpassed by any of his professional brethren in this branch of the public service. Of this a more satisfactory proof could not be afforded than the fact, that he has been presented by the convicts, both on this and former voyages, with written testimonials of their gratitude for his humane treatment. The Transport Board has also been made sensible of his merits, for which it has made suitable acknowledgements. (4)
Convict AssignmentThere were nine very young prisoners who were probably sent to Carter's Barracks on arrival - John Driscoll (15); Joseph Boland (12); Daniel Cullinan (14); Philip Gallagan (15); Thomas Healy (11); Timothy Mahony (13); Michael Nowlan(13); Thomas Toomey (16); and John Dwyer an errand boy tried in Cork who was only 9 years old. He died in the hospital at Port Macquarie just four years later.
Return of Convicts of the Norfolk assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832).....
John Ahern - Labourer assigned to Captain Maxwell in Sydney
Patrick Brien - Labourer assigned to Captain Maxwell at Sydney
Patrick Byrnes - Ploughman assigned to Captain Maxwell at Sydney
Patrick Brodenick - Ploughman assigned to James Phillips at Hunter's River
Patrick Byrnes - Ploughman assigned to Dr. Wardell at Petersham
Patrick Burns - Ploughman assigned to Laurence Myles at Williams River
John Burns - Ploughman assigned to P. A. Murray at Lake George
Michael Brine - Labourer assigned to James Phillips at Hunter's River
John Brophy - Boatman assigned to Richard Kirk junior at Sydney
James Barrett - Carter and servant assigned to William Dun at Patterson's Plains
Thomas Brett - Stable boy assigned to Robert Johnstone at Annandale
Martin Burke - Labourer assigned to Thomas Walker at Concord
Barry Bartholomew - Servant and groom assigned to George Blaxland at Hunter's River
David Brooks - Groom and labourer assigned to Francis Girard at Sydney
Thomas Burke - Stable boy assigned to Samuel Lyons at Sydney
John Brophy - Boatman assigned ti John Dickson at the Steam Engine
John Calligan (?Callinan) - Shepherd assigned to Justice Stephen, Sydney
Michael Cavenagh - Shepherd assigned to Dr. Wardell at Petersham
Edward Coughlan - Shepherd assigned to Mr. Cook at St. Vincent
John Collins - Shepherd and stockman assigned to R.C. Lethbridge at Parramatta
Daniel Cruse - Shepherd and stockman. Assigned to J.H. Edwards at Brisbane Waters
Daniel Carrolin - Ploughman assigned to Robert Johnstone at Annandale
Patrick Corbett - Clothier assigned to James Mudie at Hunter's River
Michael Cashin - Ploughman assigned to Henry Cox at Mulgoa
William Calligy - Ploughman assigned to William Dun at Patterson's Plains
Patrick Collins - Ploughman and fisherman assigned to J. Blaxland at Newington
John Connell - Ploughman assigned to Leslie Duguid at Hunter's River
John Commons - Labourer assigned to Timothy Nowlan at Hunter's River
Thomas Connors - Labourer assigned to Dr. Wardell at Petersham
Michael Cunningham - Labourer assigned to Henry Cox at Mulgoa
John Carroll - Labourer assigned to J. Blaxland at Newington
Patrick Carroll - Labourer assigned to Dr. Forster at Brush Farm
Miles Carroll - Assigned to Leslie Duguid at Hunter's River
John Carthy - Boatman assigned to Laurence Myles at Hunter's River
Michael Cody - Labourer assigned to F.S. Kendall at Illawarra
John Commorford - Labourer assigned to T.C.L. Thompson at Camden
Daniel Collins - Stable boy assigned to Edward Cox at Mulgoa
Michael Carty - Labourer assigned to Andrew Gibson at Goulburn Plains
John Connor - Knife boy assigned to J. Blaxland junior at Newington
Jeremiah Cavey - Labourer assigned to Julia Johnston at Annandale
Cornelius Connure (Conner) - Labourer assigned to William Dumaresq at St. Hiliers
Michael Cusack - Butcher assigned to James Chisholm at Lower Minto
William Cleary - Ropemaker assigned to J.E. Ellem at Sydney
Michael Davitt - Ploughs etc. Assigned to F.C.L. Thompson at Camden
Connor Dwyer - Ploughs etc., Assigned to T.S. Kendall at Illawarra
Daniel Darmedy - Carman and labourer assigned to Timothy Nowlan at Hunter's River
Martin Davern - Labourer assigned to Joseph Onions at Richmond
John Dalany - Labourer assigned to Charles Tompson at South Creek
John Drennan - Warehouseman and labourer assigned to H.P. Dutton at Hunter River
Luke Dooley - Groom and servant. Assigned to Alexander Walker Scott at Ash Island
Patrick Donovan - Blacksmith assigned to William Ogilvie at Hunter's River
John Delahunty - Baker assigned to Captain Robert Gerald Moffatt at Port Stephens
Michael Davies - Hatter. Assigned to R. Uther at Sydney
Bryan Egan - Clerk and labourer assigned to Richard Jones in Sydney
John Egan - Tinman assigned to John White in Sydney
Thomas Fallon - Shepherd and ploughs. Assigned to Edward Cox at Mulgoa
John Flinn - Carter assigned to Henry Donnison at Sydney
Timothy Ford - Labourer assigned to William Hayes at South Creek
Patrick Fehan - Carter assigned to Widow Cope at Windsor
Timothy Flanaghan - Indoor servant assigned to His Excellency the Governor
John Fihilly - Groom and servant assigned to W.G. Cann at Patrick Plains
John Grogan - Ploughman assigned to Andrew Gibson at Goulburn Plains
James Glancy - Stockman assigned to Julia Johnston at Annandale
Mihael Goolaghty - Ploughman assigned to John Blaxland jun. at Newington
Michael Gallagher - Ploughman assigned to Joseph Onions at Richmond
Richard Gleeson - Errand boy assigned to John Terry at Box hill
James Grady - Labourer assigned to John Redman at Sydney
Patrick Gaughan - Labourer assigned to Edward Jones at Hunter's River
Michael Gallagher - Boatman assigned to Henry Donnison at Sydney
Edward or Edmond Gilded or Gilder - Boatman and labourer assigned to Henry Marr at Sydney
James Ganby - Boatman and servant assigned to Dr. Lang at Sydney
Edward Gilded - Boatman and labourer assigned to John Purcell at Windsor
John Gibbons or Bernard McNicholl - Bleacher, cooper etc., Assigned to Richard Jones in Sydney
Patrick Hennessy - Ploughs, groom. Assigned to Thomas Walker at Concord
Augustus Hanrihan - Ploughman assigned to William Dumaresq at St. Hilliers
William Hendry - Kitchen boy assigned to James Glennie at Darlington
Patrick Hawkens - Seaman assigned to the Estate of J.T. Campbell at Sydney
William Hayes - Labourer assigned to Francis Rossi at Argyle
Cornelius Hollagan - Labourer assigned to John Dickson at the Steam Engine
John Hough - Farm steward assigned to Michael Henderson at the Williams River
John Howard - Labourer assigned to Thomas Campbell at Upper Minto
Hugh Healy - Weaver assigned to William Dalrymple Kelman at Williams River
Andrew Hawkes - Weaver and house servant assigned to Percy Simpson at Sydney
Patrick Hickey - Gardener assigned to Thomas Icely at Bungarrabee
Michael Ivory - Errand boy assigned to Robert Lowe at Bringelly
Michael Keefe - Ploughman assigned to Charles Thomson at South Creek
Daniel Keaghane - Ploughman assigned to H.P. Dutton at Hunter's River
Anthony Kenny - Labourer assigned to James Cox at Banks Town
Michael Keating - Labourer assigned to A. Turner at Argyle
Patrick Kenny - Carter assigned to John Dight at Parramatta
James Knight - Ginger brewer and porter assigned to Sarah Redfern at Airds
William Keane - Soldier and cotton spinner assigned to Thomas Wilks at Lower Minto
John Kennedy - Shoemaker assigned to G.R. Nichols at Sydney
John Loughman - Farm labourer assigned to Francis Reynolds at Sydney
John Lulor - Ploughman assigned to John Terry at Box Hill
Michael Lavan - Ploughman and shepherd. Assigned to William Hayes at South Creek
Michael Lewis - Ploughman assigned to James Glennie at Darlington
Daniel Linehan - Ploughman assigned to John Palmer jun., at Richmond
Patrick Lyons - Ploughman and shepherd assigned to Edward Jones at Sydney
James Lonergan - Carter and policeman assigned to Benjamin Sullivan at Williams River
William Lamb - Carter and labourer assigned to Sarah Galvin at Upper Minto
Robert Lahy - Errand boy assigned to General Stewart at Bathurst
James Larkin - Indoor servant assigned to Mary Raine at Parramatta
William Lynch - Butcher assigned to John Coghill at Kirkham
Edward Mackey - Ploughman assigned to Widow Cope at Windsor
Peter Murphy - Ploughman assigned to the Estate of J. Campbell at Sydney
Sylvester Minehan - Ploughman assigned to John Dickson at the Steam Engine
James McMahon - Cattle doctor assigned to Michael Henderson at Roslyn Castle, Raymond Terrace
Denis Minehan - Ploughman assigned to J.E. Manning, Sydney
John Money - Ploughman assigned to Francis Rossi in Sydney
Patrick Manion - Ploughman assigned to Thomas Cowper at Clifton
James Magner - Tailor. Assigned to Rev. T. Hassall at Cooke
John Mullins - Labourer assigned to Charles Coleman at Airds
Patrick Malley - Boatman and labourer assigned to J.E. Manning at Sydney
Peter Mally - Labourer assigned to James Bloodsworth at Sydney
Austin Mally - Labourer assigned to William Pendergast at Airds
Samuel Monely - Labourer assigned to John Pendergast at Airds
Patrick Mally - Labourer assigned to Nathaniel Boon at Airds
Francis Moran or Noonan - Labourer assigned to John White at Mr. Marsden's, Sydney
Thomas Meehan - Labourer assigned to Thomas Cowper at Clifton
Denis Mullagan - Labourer and groom assigned to Harriet King at South Creek
Michael McGrath - Stableman and labourer assigned to John Nicholson at Bong Bong
John Minahan - Labourer and carter assigned to Rev. T. Hassall at Cooke
Denis Murphy - Carter assigned to Harriet King at South Creek
Dudley Morris - Labourer assigned to William Elyard at Bulwarra
Denis McCarthy - Stoker assigned to John Hillas at Argyle
Edward Maylan - Indoor servant assigned to Mary Raine at Sydney
Thomas McDermott - Servant and groom assigned to Mr. Justice Stephen at Sydney
Peter McGarey - Groom assigned to James Hale at Windsor
John Morrissy - Groom assigned to Francis Stephen at Sydney
James Madegan - Pressman and editor assigned to A.E. Hayes at Sydney
Thomas Murphy - Whitesmith and bellhanger assigned to W and J. Ryrie at St. Vincent
Henry Nichols - Painter's boy assigned to William Whafs at Parramatta
John Nowlan - Servant assigned to William Dangar at Hunter's River
John Purcell - Labourer assigned to John Hillars at Argyle
Edward Pinders (Penders) - Servant assigned to Thomas Smith at Sydney
John Power -Servant and groom assigned to William Morgan at Sydney
Walter Power - Tobacco spinner assigned to Charles Boydell at Paterson's River
Edward Penders - In and outdoor servant assigned to G.C. Curlewis at Sydney
Michael Quinn - Labourer assigned to George Brown at Illawarra
Maurice Quan - Boatman assigned to George Brown at Illawarra
Martin Quin - Stableman and carter assigned to Captain Edwards, 17th reg., Sydney
James Quigan - Carrier's boy assigned to George Poulton at Sydney
Patrick Reardon - Ploughman assigned to John Nicholson at Bong Bong
John Ryan (1) - Shepherd assigned to Richard Jones in Sydney
John Reardon - Ploughman assigned to William Dalrymple Kelman at Hunter's River
Cornelius Ryan - Shepherd assigned to A. Turner at Argyle
Michael Reardon - Ploughman assigned to Robert Lowe at Bringelly
Thomas Ryan - Shepherd and stockman assigned to Major Benjamin Sullivan at Williams River
Michael Rattican - Labourer assigned to George Harper at Camden
Thomas Russell - Cattle jobber assigned to George Harper at Camden
Thomas Ryan - Labourer assigned to Charles Ivory at Eastern Creek
John Regan - Errand boy assigned to William Lawson at Prospect
Patrick Reilly - Store porter and fisherman assigned to Michael Phillips at Sydney
John Richardson - Servant and groom assigned to Rev. James Orton at Sydney
Notes and Links1). Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Norfolk in 1832
2). Trial in Ireland - Wexford Assizes....Monday July 18 - Baron Pennefather took his seat at ten o'clock. .....Augustine Hanrahan, for having administered an unlawful oath to George McKay, to quit his stewardship, in the Rev. Mr. Butler's employment, and demanding his arms. The prisoner up to this period received a most excellent character from the Rev. Daniel Lynch, who knew him and his family 20 years, and he and his family were remarkably zealous in contributing to the getting in of arms. - Guilty. Sentenced to transportation for life...Michael Carty, for having administered an illegal oath to James Reynolds, on the 17th March last, at Rinebough to compel him to quit his lawful employment verdict guilty. It appeared that the prisoner had been several times dressed in the heroine costume of Lady Clare and had partially been called by that appellation Freemans Journal 13 June 1831.
3). Convict Ships bringing detachments of the 4th (King's Own) Regiment
Jane departed Cork 29 April 1831. Commander of the Guard Captain George Mason
Surry departed Portsmouth 17 July 1831. Commander of the Guard Captain Charles Waldron 38th regt.
Asia departed Cork 6 August 1831. Commander of the Guard Captain Richard Chetwode
Norfolk departed 15 October 1831. Commander of the Guard Lieut. David William Lardy 4th regt.
Captain Cook departed Dublin 5 November 1831. Commander of the Guard Lieut. Gibbons 49th regt.
Portland departed Portsmouth 27 November 1831.
Isabella departed Cork 27 November 1831. Commander of the Guard Captain William Clarke 4th regt.
Bussorah Merchant departed Dublin 14 December 1831. Commander of the Guard Lieut. William Lonsdale 4th regt.
John departed the Downs 7 February 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut. George Baldwin 31st regt.,
Lady Harewood departed Portsmouth 15 March 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut. Lowth 38th regt.,
City of Edinburgh departed Cork 18 March 1832 . Commander of the Guard Lieut. Bayliss
Clyde departed Portsmouth 9 May 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut-Colonel Mackenzie
Eliza departed Cork 10 May 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut. Hewson
Planter departed Portsmouth 16 June 1832 under command of Lieuts. Bullin and Irvine of 38th regt.
Hercules departed the Downs 19 June 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut. Gibson 4th regt.
Dunvegan Castle departed Dublin 1 July 1832. Commander of the Guard Lieut. Thomas Faunce 4th regt.
Parmelia departed Sheerness 28 July 1832 under Command of Captain Young 38th regt.
Waterloo departed Sheerness 12 March 1833 under Command of Captain Mondilhan 54th regt.
5). 4th (or The King's own) Regiment of Foot.
References1. Bateson, Charles, Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney, pp.350-351, 387
2. Journal of William Clifford - Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 Original data: The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.
3. Ancestry.com. Bound manuscript indents, 1788 - 1842. NRS 12188, microfiche 614 - 619,626 - 657, 660 - 695. State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.
4. Sydney Gazette 14th February 1832