Embarked 160 men
Voyage 243 days
Surgeon's Journal - No
Previous vessel: Northampton
arrived 18 June 1815
Next vessel: Francis and Eliza
arrived 8 August 1815
Master John Grigg.
Surgeon Superintendent Robert Browne
Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail
Convicts of the Canada identified in the Hunter Valley region
was built in North Shields and owned by Rieve and Green. Convicts were transported to Australia on the Canada in 1801
and the Francis and Eliza
were the next convict ships to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of the Archduke Charles
in May 1812.
Some of the prisoners on the Canada
had been convicted of administering unlawful oaths......
Westmeath Assizes - Mullingar March 17 - James Fox was indicted, for that he on the 10th of November at Balaslock, in the county of Westmeath, did administer an unlawful and treasonable oath to one Patrick Martin, contrary to the statute. William Cunnyham, Patrick Geraghty, James Geraghty and Michael Fox were indicted for that they on the same day, and at the same place, did aid and assist said James Fox in administering an unlawful and treasonable oath. All were convicted on the testimony of Patrick Martin and sentenced to be transported. Loghlin White, Martin McDaniel James Burke and Christopher Malone, convicted on the information of James Connell, who was afterwards murdered. They were convicted of administering unlawful oaths and sentenced to 7 years transportation
There were also common thieves -
Dublin City Quarter Sessions, Tuesday August 16 - John Moran and John Hugo, indicted for feloniously stealing a pair of pantaloons, the property of Anthony Ryan. The prosecutor swore he detected the prisoners selling the pantaloons in about ten minutes after they were stolen. There were four thieves together; two made their escape. The prisoners made no defence, and were found guilty. Recorder - This is the third or fourth time, Mr. Hugo, that you have been before the Court. To be transported for seven years
Passengers on the Canada
included Lieut. Sutton of 1st Royals in command of a small detachment and Ensign Mayne of 46th regiment with a detachment to join the regiment.
The Headquarters of the 46th regiment commanded by Lieut-Col George James Molle arrived on the Windham and other detachments arrived on the Marquis of Wellington
, Lord Eldon
, Three Bees
, Sir William Bensley
, Morley and Bencoolen
Surgeon Robert Browne
Robert Browne was appointed assistant surgeon in the Royal Navy on 23 January 1809.
Date of seniority Royal Navy 7 August 1805
He was included in the Navy List of Medical Officers of 1814
Provost Marshal Martin Timms and family all bound for Van Diemen's Land also came passengers on the Canada. See Australian Dictionary of Biography
Departure from Ireland
and Francis and Eliza
departed Cork on 5th December 1814 in convoy.
The Francis and Eliza
was captured by the American privateer Warrior
, whose captain plundered the vessel before restoring it to the captain and crew. The Canada
re-joined with the Francis and Eliza
at Teneriffe and under convoy of the Ulysses
frigate went with her to Senegal, next to Goree, and afterwards lo Sierra Leone.
Cape of Good Hope
They sailed together for the Cape of Good Hope, where they arrived the 12th of May, and remained three weeks to refresh.
Arrival at Port Jackson
left the Cape in company with the Frances and Eliza
and arrived in Sydney on 5th August 1815. The voyage had taken 243 days and four or five convicts died on the passage out. On the voyage the Canada
spoke the Hebe
, bound for New South Wales and brought with her the news of the possibility of renewal of hostilities between England and France.
Governor Macquarie in correspondence to Earl Bathurst noted that the Convicts were a good deal afflicted with scurvy owing to the great length of the voyage but the troops were quite healthy
After landing the prisoners of the Canada
were distributed to Windsor (64 men), Parramatta (25 men) and Liverpool (11 men) for assignment to settlers and government service.
Departure from Port Jackson
departed Port Jackson bound for Batavia on 25 October 1815.
Notes and Links
1). Political Prisoners
2). Convict John Bruce was later employed as an overseer at Newcastle. In 1820 he received a conditional pardon for his steady industry and good conduct in the construction of the windmill at Newcastle. This stone built windmill was built on the site where the obelisk now stands.
3). James Steel, who was found guilty at Carrickfergus assizes of stealing a cow, was sentenced to 14 years transportation - Belfast Newsletter 17 August 1813
4). Six convict ships arrived in New South Wales in 1815 - Marquis of Wellington
, Canada, Francis and Eliza
and the Baring
5). The Canada
was built in North Shields and owned by Rieve and Green. She brought convicts to Australia in 1801
, 1810, 1815
6). Conditional pardon granted to Patrick Geraghty ......Patrick Geraghty was born in Westmeath, Ireland, about 1792. With his brother James, he was convicted of robbery in 1814. Patrick Geraghty was a labourer at Appin, a farmer at Woonoona and a constable at Kiama. (State Library of NSW
7). Return of Convicts of the Canada assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832).....
William Clitheroe - Paper maker assigned to Thomas Barker at the Steam Engine
8). Convicts of the Canada identified in the Hunter Valley region
 Freeman's Journal 16 March 1814
 Freeman's Journal 21 June 1814
 HRA, Series, Vol. IX, p.55