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Convict Ship Ann 1810


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Convict Ship Anne 1810

Embarked 200 men (two re-landed)
Deaths 1
Surgeon's Journal - No
Previous vessel: Indispensable arrived 18 August 1809
Next vessel: Canada arrived 8 September 1810
Captain Charles Clarke
Prisoners and passengers of the Anne identified in the Hunter Valley

Prisoners of the Anne were convicted in counties in England, Scotland and Wales - Durham, Surrey, Middlesex, London, York, Norfolk, Warwick, Wiltshire, Essex, Surrey, Kent, Sussex, Southampton, Lancaster, Stafford, Nottingham, Dorset, Chester, Huntingdon, Somerset, Cornwell, Derby, Hertford, Leicester, Gloucester, Oxford, Cambridge, Devon, Salop, Isle of Ely, Monmouth and Inverness. There were also soldiers who had been court-martialed at Chatham, Montreal, Malta.

They were held in prison hulks prior to transportation.

A Row of prison hulks in Portsmouth Harbour. Artist/Maker Garneray, Ambrose-Louis - National Maritime MuseumRow of prison hulks in Portsmouth Harbour. c. 1806 - 1814. Artist/Maker Garneray, Ambrose-Louis - National Maritime Museum

Some of those prisoners held on the Captivity hulk at Portsmouth including William Pope, Richard Spittle, John Starten, Francis Thompson, John Grover, William Hutchinson, James Watson, John Eastwood and Elijah Morris were sent on board the Anne on 16 August 1809. [3]

Military Guard

The Anne brought supplies and a detachment of the 73rd regiment. Passengers included Captain Archibald John Maclaine, Lieutenant John Purcell, Lieutenant Robert Drurie and Assistant Surgeon George Martin, the last three accompanied by their families.

Detachments of the 73rd arrived on the Dromedary, Indefatigable, Guildford, Hindostan, Indian, Archduke Charles, Ann, Fortune 1813, Providence 1811 and Admiral Gambier 1811


The Anne departed England on 25 August 1809. [1]

They called at Rio de Janeiro in November 1809.

One prisoner by the name of Pope was reported to have been lost overboard on the voyage out. [2] - This was probably William Pope age 30 who was tried at Taunton on 2 April 1809 and admitted to the Captivity Hulk from Ilchester prison on 11 May 1808 under sentence of 7 years transportation [3].

Port Jackson

The Anne arrived in Port Jackson on the 26th February 1810 with 197 male prisoners.

It was reported that the prisoners were in a healthy state on arrival and expressed the highest satisfaction at their treatment on the passage out. They were ordered by Governor Macquarie to be mustered by John T. Campbell and William Broughton on 28th February 1810. [2]

Cabin Passengers

Rev. Samuel Marsden and wife and Rev. Robert Cartwright and family, missionary William Hall, John King and Duaterra a New Zealand native also came passengers.

Intended Settlement at New Zealand ........

William Hall who had been employed in ship building and navigation at Hull and John King who had learnt the arts of flax dressing twine spinning and rope making procured a passage to New Zealand by the way of Port Jackson on board the Ann transport which was taken up for government Service through the zeal and kindness of the Rev Samuel Marsden chaplain of the colony of New South Wales who was returning in the same vessel to Port Jackson.

Mr Marsden at the request of the committee furnished a paper of instructions abounding in his accustomed good sense and knowledge of mankind on which an address to them was grounded and sent by the secretary in the name of the society. The Ann sailed from Spithead August 25th 1809 and arrived in 56 days at Rio Janiero.

It was a singular circumstance that a young native of New Zealand named Duatsrra related to the principal chiefs of the island and himself heir to a considerable territory was returning home in the Ann. He had been treated with neglect and oppression by the captain with whom he came to this country and would probably have carried back with him to New Zealand feelings of resentment which might have raised serious obstacles to any attempt to civilize and evangelize his countrymen. This young chief says Mr Marsden is very much attached to John King a very strong friendship is formed between them and it is a most happy circumstance that he was on board the Ann for such a connection will be made between him and the settlers as may hereafter greatly promote the object of the settlement - The Missionary Magazine for 1810

Rev. Robert Cartwright. SL NSW Rev. Robert Cartwright - State Library NSW

Rev. Samuel Marsden
Rev. Samuel Marsden

The Sydney Gazette reported:

From the Rev. Mr. Marsden we have the satisfaction to learn that the Spanish sheep have been introduced into Great Britain in very great numbers, and that it has been ascertained that the wool does not degenerate in quality. His Majesty, in his benign wish to benefit this Colony, was graciously pleased to confer a Donation upon Rev. Mr. Marsden of 4 very fine Spanish Ewes, by which two males were lambed upon the passage, and all, we are gratified to state, have been landed in excellent condition, owing to the great attention they had always received. [4]

Prisoners Disembarked

On 2nd March 1810 Captain Clarke received orders to disembark the prisoners...Boats were sent alongside the Anne to receive the prisoners. They were to be landed at the Hospital Wharf at 6 o'clock in the morning of 3rd March and handed over to the Principal Superintendent Isaac Nichols. 

Isaac NicholsIsaac Nichols


Some of the stores that arrived on the Anne included Irish butter, Cheshire, Gloucester, Berkeley and pine cheese, hams, coffee, sugar, molasses, essence of spruce, rice, English soap, Castile soap, tallow, cotton wick, tanned hides, sole leather and boot legs, Brazil tobacco, Osnaburghs, shoes, woollens, corks, assortment of hardware including carpenters tools, saws and chisels, nails etc, bar iron, an assortment of glasses, including decanters, rummers, wine glasses, pipes of Madeira wine of a superior quality, porter in barrels, Jamaica rum, French brandy, Spanish brandy in 20 gallons casks, which were to be issued to such persons as His Excellency the Governor approved.

Convict Clothing

In March it was announced that the convicts who arrived by the Anne were to receive a suit of slop clothing which had been sent on the Anne for their use. Other government employed men in the colony including constables, overseers, convicts, boatmen and stockmen were to receive slop items such as a blue waistcoat with sleeves or a military jacket, a pair of duck trousers or a duck frock, a white or check shirt, a pair of shoes, blanket, forage cap, 1 pair of stockings, 2 pair of stocks and 1 Yara cap. These may have been similar to the items the prisoners of the Anne received.

Those prisoners of the Anne who had already been assigned to settlers in outlying areas were to have their slop clothing preserved for them until an opportunity arose for sending them on.

Notes and Links

1).Among the prisoners on the Anne were Benjamin Grainger who worked for many years in the Newcastle coal mines and Daniel Thurston from Cambridge.

2). National Archives - Voyages: (1) From Bengal 1802. Capt James Stewart. Calcutta 19 Nov 1801 - 31 Jan 1802 Saugor - 20 Apr St Helena - 25 Jun Gravesend. (2) From Bengal 1810. Capt Charles Clarke. Calcutta 21 Sep 1810 - 24 Nov Saugor - 20 Feb 1811 St Helena - 26 Apr East India Dock.

3). Major Maclaine - The late Major A. John Maclaine of the 73rd Regiment, who died at Brussels of the wounds he received in the battle of Waterloo, was the son of Mrs. Maclaine of Scalasdale, Island of Mull; a Lady who deserves to be celebrated for the heroism and bravery of the sons she has given birth to. This venerable Lady has already lost two sons in the service of their country, and two yet survive, ornaments to their profession, covered with scars received in various engagements. The late Captain Maclaine, who so gloriously fell whilst gallantly leading on his light company at the battle of Maida, as mentioned in Sir John Stewart's dispatches was one of the former; and Lieut. Colonel Maclaine of the 7th West India Regiment who made so gallant a defence of Fort Matagorda in the Peninsula is one of the latter. Major Maclaine of the 73rd had signalized himself in all the actions in which this fine Highland Regiment were engaged in India, and particularly at the taking of Serigapatam. He had left the 1st Battalion of it at New South Wales to come to Europe, anxious and ardent to join the 2nd and to share their glories and honour as he expressed himself, on the Continent. His loss in common with other brace men, his country will deplore; but the loss of an affectionate son and brother, who contributed to their comfort and support is no common nor ordinary loss to an aged mother and three unmarried sisters. Yet the Old Lady, even amidst her tears and sorrow, seems to forget this, whilst she exults in the consolation, and tells her friends that her brace boy John did his duty; - a truth indeed, that all who knew his character in the army could anticipate and his companions in arms bear witness to....The Morning Post 15 August 1815.

4). Captain Robert Drurie of the 73rd regiment, commanded the military detachment stationed at Parramatta. He was appointed a justice of peace and magistrate in that district with an allowance of 5 shillings per day. Lieutenant Durie supervised the preparation of the Old Granary for the reception of female convicts of the Canada in August 1810. More about Captain Robert Durie at Parramatta Female Factory. Lieutenant Durie with his pregnant wife together with Lieutenant Richard Lundin of the 73rd and a detachment of Royal Marines received permission to to embark on the Isabella for England in November 1812. Others on the Isabella included Sir Henry Browne Hayes, Captain Brooks and General Joseph Holt. They were shipwrecked in February 1813 and Mrs. Durie gave birth to a daughter in a hastily built bog hut assisted only by Mrs. Holt. There is an account of the wreck in the
Memoirs of General Joseph Holt.

5). Prisoners and passengers of the Anne identified in the Hunter Valley

Thomas Addison
James Boonham
John Cassidy
James Cobb
John Davis
Benjamin Dean
Lewis Evans
William Evans
George Fowler
Edward Gaynor
Benjamin Grainger
John Grover
Edward Higgins
Henry Kennedy
John Maxwell
George Rouse
Walter Shutt
Joseph Sly
Daniel Thurston
William Walker
Samuel Williams

6). The Anne was one of three convict ships to arrive in New South Wales 1810 the others being the Canada and the Indian.


[1] Bateson, Charles Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.338-339, 381

[2] Sydney Gazette 3 March 1810

[3]. Prison Hulk Registers. Home Office: Convict Prison Hulks: Registers and Letter Books; Class: HO9; Piece: 8

[4] Sydney Gazette 3 March 1810

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