Prisoners transported on the America came from counties throughout England, Scotland and Wales. - Gloucestershire, Derbyshire, Staffordshire, Bristol, Liverpool, Suffolk, Edinburgh and Glasgow etc., Their crimes were mostly various forms of stealing and robbery. Others were convicted of forgery, bigamy, desertion, cutting and maiming and passing bad notes.
Departure from England
The men were transferred from prison hulks to the America late in March 1829. Thomas Dauncey from Gloucester was transferred from the Justitia Hulk on 27th March along with Joseph Saunders, James Millar, John Murphy, William Stone, John Taylor and James Roberts and others. The last of the 176 prisoners were received on board the America on 30 March 1829.
The voyage began from Woolwich on 8 April 1829.
The guard consisted of a detachment of 63rd Regiment under the command of Adjutant Montgomery. Passengers included Mrs. Montgomery and 2 children.
Surgeon Alexander Stewart
Alexander Stewart kept a Medical Journal from 4 March to 31 August 1829. His Journal reveals that he was kept busy from the very beginning of the voyage. The Guard which had been stationed at Chatham brought on board with them measles which had been prevalent there. The prisoners had been transferred from the hulk Justitia where dysentery was prevalent and Dr. Stewart thought a predisposition existed among the prisoners on their embarking which was brought into action by the change of diet and exacerbated by the bad weather in June and July.
On several occasions he was too busy to perform an autopsy on deceased persons.
The abstract reveals some of his cases - Hepatitis, 1; Rheumatismus, 1; Rubeola 2; of which one was sent to the hospital; Phthisis 1, who died on board; Dysenteria 15, of which 8 died on board; Syphilis 2.
The eight men who died were George Arneil, John Brown, William Bamford, William Cherry, John Humphries, Thomas Moss, Thomas Scott and Thomas Wright.
Others mentioned in the surgeon's journal include:
George Reeks, aged 27, Convict;
William Grey [George Grey], aged 28, Convict;
Jonathan Stockings, aged 25, Convict;
Jonathan Brown, aged 43, Convict;
James McGarvie, aged 38, Convict;
James Robertson, aged 20, Convict;
Laurence Gathens, aged 29, Private, 63rd Regiment; Died, 6 July 1829.
James Browning, aged 19, Convict;
Alexander Prise, aged 24, Convict;
Alexander Stewart was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships Southworth 1830 (to VDL) and Aurora in 1833
Arrival in Port Jackson
The America arrived in Port Jackson on 18 August 1829 with 168 male prisoners. The vessel was at first kept under rigid quarantine.
The Monitor reported: Mr. Watson the pilot was detained on board. One of the guard died on 23rd August and his body was towed outside of the Heads by the Customs boat and there left to the mercy of the finny tribe.
Consternation regarding outbreak of diseases was understandable. Fifteen months previously the convict ship Morley brought whooping cough to the colony causing many deaths. A Medical Board of Inspection boarded the America to determine the exact extent of disease on 19th August 1829.
A Muster of the convicts was held on board by Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay on 24th August 1829. The convict indents include the name, age, education, religion, marital status, family, native place, trade, offence, date and place of trial, sentence, prior convictions, physical description and where and to whom each prisoner was assigned on arrival. There is also occasional information regarding pardons, tickets of leave, deaths and relatives in the colony.
The youngest prisoners were
John Angew (16),
William Bell (14),
William Casey (15),
William Fletcher (16),
John Fisher 1(16),
William McLauchlan (16) and
John Rae (16).
The prisoners were landed on 31st August 1829 and were reported to be a fine healthy set of young men. They were assigned privately to various settlers or to public works, the surveyor's department, the Australian Agricultural Company or the dockyards.
Thomas Godfrey was deemed 'not assignable', both legs having been amputated.
The younger prisoners were sent to the Carter's Barracks on landing. An average of 80 boys were kept in the Carter's Barracks in the year 1829 
Location of Carter's Barracks
In the years to come many of the men of the America were subjected to punishment such as Calvin Sampson endured in 1833.........
Return of Corporal Punishments in Hyde Park Barrack, inflicted by Sentence of the Sydney Police Bench, from the 4th to the 30th September 1833, in the presence of E. A. Slade, J. P. Superintendent, Hyde Park Barrack. (Parliamentary Papers) -
Calvin Sampson (Sansum), America, stealing a pair of shoes, 50 lashes. Blood flowed at the fourth; the convict cried out at the 18th, and continued crying for a few succeeding lashes; his skin was considerably torn, and blood flowed during the whole of the punishment. This man groaned much, and prayed while suffering his sentence, and afterwards declared seriously that he 'would never come again.' I am of opinion that he was sufficiently punished at the 25th lash; and I felt convinced that he suffered so severely as to become, henceforth, more careful in subjecting himself to the infliction of punishment in Hyde Park barrack, under my superintendence. This convict says he was flogged once on the passage out, but never before in the colony.
Convicts of the America identified in the Hunter Valley region:
Plaisterers boy aged 17 from Gloucester. Tried 14 October 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for burglary and stealing a cloak and other articles.. Assigned to Catherine Hunt at Patrick Plains on arrival in the colony. Sentenced to 4 days in the cells by the Luskintyre Bench on 21 January 1831 for refusing to work. Sent to Newcastle gaol in August 1831 en route to Sydney having been returned to government service. On 5th June he Took to the Bush with John Richardson. They were captured and indicted for various crimes including burglariously entering the dwelling-house of William Harper, putting the inmates in bodily fear, and stealing a gun at Hunter's River. They were found guilty, and having been called up for judgment, the learned Judge passed the awful sentence of death upon them, and ordered them for execution this morning without a hope of mercy. Executed at Sydney 5 August 1833 the day after the trial
Age 19. Ploughman from Boston. Tried at Lincoln 10 October 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing hats. Assigned to Edward Cory on arrival. Sent to Newcastle gaol from Maitland on 25 July 1835. To be forwarded to the Principal Superintendent of convicts for identification 26 July 1835
Tinker aged 35 from Wigan. Married with 1 child. Tried at Wigan 14 January 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing tools. Assigned to Benjamin Morris at Patterson Plains on arrival. In September 1831 sent to Newcastle gaol having been returned to government service, his master Mr. Morris having failed to comply with regulations. To be re-assigned
Ploughman aged 31 from Yorkshire. Tried at Woolwich 12 November 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for desertion. Assigned to Edward Cory at Paterson Plains on arrival. Died at Port Macquarie Hospital in July 1837
Baker aged 22 from Manchester. Tried 20 October 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for robbery. Assigned to Richard Dalton at the Benevolent Asylum on arrival. Assigned to the A. A. Company at Port Stephens in December 1830. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Port Stephens in 1837. In 1849 he was convicted of drunkenness at Maitland and fined 10s or 24 hours in the cells.
Alias Bruin. Stockinger aged 22 from Somersetshire. Tried Leicester 13 January 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing game. Assigned to Capt. Ranclaud (?) in Sydney on arrival. He was sent to Newcastle gaol in January 1831 under sentence of 7 days solitary confinement for insolence and disobedience. In December 1833 he absconded from the Wollombi Bridge party. In January 1840 he was working as a sawyer when he was admitted to Newcastle gaol on suspicion of being a runaway. Having stated himself to be free, he was sent to Sydney for identification
Bricklayer aged 24 from Hertfordshire. Married with 2 children. Tried at Maidstone 15 December 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for bigamy. Assigned to Dept. of Public Works on arrival. In April 1831 he was assigned to government service at Newcastle when Sir Edward Parry requested that he be re-assigned to the A. A. Company. In May 1833 he was assigned to the A. A. Company when he was charged with being on the premises of Rev. Wilton after hours. Because he was considered to be of good character by the bench the case was discharged. In August 1833 he was employed at the Coalmines at Newcastle and as he was soon to receive his Ticket of Leave Sir Edward Parry applied for a convict bricklayer to replace him. His Ticket of Leave
for Newcastle was dated December 1833. In March 1834 he married Bridget Corrigan nee Fury at Newcastle. In July 1851 as a Master Bricklayer he testified in the case of the Stockton Tweed Manufactory fire stating that it could not have been an accident but had been caused by an incendiary.
It may have been him in December 1852 whose arm had to be amputated two inches from the shoulder after an accident with a gun. He died in September 1877 aged 83 years
Labourer aged 33 from Stockport. Tried at Chester 13 January 1829. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing iron. Assigned to Edward Cory on arrival. Granted Ticket of Leave for Paterson district in 1833
Plaisterer's boy aged 19 from Liverpool. Tried 28 July 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing money. Assigned to George Williams in Sydney on arrival. In 1849 at Armidale, Intestate estate.
Alias Forde. Carpenter and groom age 27 from Gloucestershire. Tried 13 January 1829. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for coach robbery. Assigned to Dept. Public Works on arrival. In January 1831 he was assigned to the A. A. Company at Port Stephens. He was granted a Ticket of Leave for Windsor district in 1834
Coach painter for 2 years; age 20. Native place Macclesfield. Tried Chester 13 October 1829. Sentenced to 7 years transportation. Assigned to Henry Paul Coloo near Windsor. Granted Ticket of Leave for Invermein in 1834
Sweep and groom aged 28 from Manchester. Tried 20 October 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation. Assigned to Edward Cory on arrival. In September 1831 sent to Newcastle gaol under sentence of 12 months in an iron gang and then to be returned to his master. Absconded from Cory on 11 February 1834.
Sailor aged 22 from London. Tried 23 October 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for privately stealing. Assigned to Edward Cory at Paterson on arrival
Labourer aged 30 from Glamorganshire. Tried Carmarthan 23 August 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for burglary. Assigned to Michael Clarke at Pattersons Plains on arrival. Appointed scourger at Paterson Plains in November 1832. In 1837 assigned to Benjamin Singleton at Patrick Plains. In January 1840 sent to Newcastle gaol from Patrick Plains charged with neglect of duty. Sentenced to 50 lashes and returned to government service. In February 1844 sent to Newcastle gaol on a charge of disorderly conduct. Sentenced to 14 days solitary confinement and return to service. Ticket of Leave cancelled for assault in April 1847
Stable boy aged 20 from London. Tried at Surrey 5 December 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for street robbery. Assigned to Joseph Bigg in Sydney on arrival. In February 1843 sent to Newcastle gaol for non-payment of hospital dues. Sent to Hyde Park Barracks
Ploughman aged 54 from Bury, Lancashire. Tried at Manchester 21 July 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing seals. Assigned to Thomas Coulson at Black Creek on arrival. Son in the colony Richard Haslam, soldier of 39th regt., Sent to an iron gang for six months in September 1831
Ploughman aged 22 from Bucks. Tried 14 July 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing bacon. Assigned to J. Spearing at Illawarra on arrival. In February 1836 working in No. 3 iron gang at Newcastle when he was charged with refusing to work and sentenced to 50 lashes. In October 1839 absconded from Harper's Hill Stockade
Johnson, William Lewis
Silversmith and jeweller aged 33 from Norwich. Tried London 23 October 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for picking pockets. Assigned to James Robertson in Sydney on arrival. Drowned at Hunter River while in service of Mr. Robertson
Gardener aged 26 from Montgomery. Tried at Stafford 24 July 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for highway robbery. Assigned to John McDougall at Baulkham Hills on arrival. In August 1842 at Patrick Plains his application to marry Jane Bailiff (ship Marchioness of Bute) was granted
Calico printer aged 21 from Dublin. Tried at Liverpool 28 July 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for picking pockets. Assigned to James Black at Hunter River on arrival
Miner aged 23 from Flintshire. Tried at Stafford 24 July 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for burglary. Assigned to the Mineral Surveyor Dept. on arrival. At Newcastle in 1845 - Correspondence re the application of Richard Jones for a ticket of leave - Richard Jones had been a witness in a case of a breach of the licensing act - Holt v. Latham in which he made a wilful mis statement of the facts in order to prevent the penalty being put in force against the defendant Latham and the case was dismissed. Recommended that the ticket of leave be withheld to deter others of his class from resorting to similar reprehensible conduct in future
Seaman aged 56 from London. Tried at Howiton, Huntingdonshire 24 July 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for burglary. Assigned to James Black at Hunter River on arrival. Granted Ticket of Leave for district of Maitland 19 April 1836. Died at Newcastle Hospital in April 1840 aged 64
Painter's boy aged 17 from Liverpool. Tried at Liverpool 28 July 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing plate. Assigned to James Black at Hunter River on arrival. Assigned to William Hall at Maitland in June 1832
Rosewood stainer and colourer aged 40 from Monmouthshire. Tried at Surrey 29 December 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for burglary. Assigned to Peter Stukely at Hunter River on arrival
Plumber and glazier aged 39 from Liverpool. Tried at Liverpool 20 October 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing lead. Assigned to James Neale at Coloo on arrival. In June 1832 assigned to J. H. Edwards at Brisbane Water
Tobacconist's boy aged 17 from Liverpool. Tried 4 August 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for ship robbery. Assigned to J. P. Webber at Penshurst on arrival
Nailer aged 62 from Ayreshire. Tried at Glasgow 15 September 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for cutting and maiming. Sent to the Dockyard on arrival. In June 1832 assigned to A. A. Company at Port Stephens
Seaman aged 30 from London. Tried at Bristol 14 April 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for picking pockets. Assigned to Andrew Brown at Toongabbie on arrival. Granted a Ticket of Leave for district of Merton in 1838. Died at Merton January 1841
Ploughman aged 40 from Londonderry. Married with 2 children. Tried Aberdeen 12 September 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for passing bad notes. Assigned to John Black at Hunter River on arrival. Assigned to William Caswell at Port Stephens from June 1832 - 1837. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Raymond Terrace in 1839. In November 1842 at Raymond Terrace his ticket of leave was cancelled as he was unable to support himself. He was admitted to Newcastle gaol for medical examination in December and forwarded to Hyde Park Barracks.
Carter's boy aged 19 from Edinboro. Tried at Liverpool 28 July 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing clothes. Assigned to Dr. Wardell at Petersham on arrival. Working in an ironed gang at Newcastle in 1837. Sent to Newcastle gaol from Singleton on suspicion of being illegally at large in October 1840. Sent to Hyde Park Barracks.
Indoor servant aged 26 from Co. Cavan. Tried at Chester 13 October 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing plate. Assigned to John Blaxland at Newington on arrival. Sent to Newcastle gaol from Maitland in October 1835. Sent to Sydney to be identified
Errand boy and shoemaker's apprentice from Glasgow. Tried at Glasgow 15 September 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing lead. Assigned to George Druitt at Mt. Druitt on arrival. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Cassilis district in 1836.. In March 1840 at Cassilis he was reported to be absent from his district - his description Ruddy, freckled and pockpitted compl., brown hair, dark grey eyes, cast in right eye, large scar back right hand. His Ticket of Leave was cancelled in July 1840
Joiner aged 47 from Preston. Tried Liverpool 4 August 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing tools. Assigned to Dept. Public Works on arrival. In December 1831 absconded from Hyde Park Barracks. In July 1832 he was assigned to Robert Cox at Brisbane Water
Gunsmith and cutler aged 23 from Aberdeenshire. Tried at Inverness 17 September 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for shop breaking. Assigned to Jonathan Hassall. Assigned to James Hawthorn at Maitland in August 1832
Labourer aged 24 from Stockport. Tried at Chester 13 January 1829. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing handkerchiefs. Assigned to John Prentice at Wallis Plains on arrival
Butcher aged 29 from Hertfordshire. Married with 4 children. Tried at St. Albans 17 April 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing plate. Assigned to Thomas Wood at Bong Bong on arrival. In September 1838, free by servitude. Charged with drunkenness. Admonished and discharged as he was not rioting
Alias Horseman. Attorney's clerk aged 35 from Oxford. Married. Tried at Bucks 16 July 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for horse stealing. No place of assignment recorded. In September 1833 at Parramatta he was sentenced to 50 lashes for threatening the life of an overseer. Skin lacerated, slight effusion of blood; suffering severe. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Maitland district in 1842 In April 1844 his Ticket of Leave was cancelled for misdemeanour. Sent to Newcastle gaol in 1845. Conditional Pardon 51/232 1 July 1851.
Gardener aged 28 from Cambridge. Married with 2 children. Tried at Cambridge 13 January 1829. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for bigamy. Assigned to John Bingle at Hunter River on arrival. Died at Puen Buen 24 June 1835
Ploughman aged 24 from Bucks. Tried 16 July 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for stealing clothes. Assigned to William Caswell in Sydney on arrival. Assigned to William Ogilvie at Merton in 1837. Granted a Ticket of Leave for district of Merton in December 1842. T/L 42/3239. Granted a Ticket of Leave Passport for Clarence River in the service of John Pike in August 1843. Granted Ticket of Leave Passport for Darling Downs in the service of John Pike for 12 months in 1845
Cotton factory worker from Glasgow. Tried at Glasgow 16 September 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for burglary. Assigned to Emanuel Hungerford at Hunter River on arrival
Miner aged 31 from Durham. Married with 2 children. Tried at Newcastle 6 August 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for burglary. Assigned to the Mineral Surveyor Dept. on arrival. In 1837 assigned to the A. A. Company at Newcastle. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Newcastle district in 1838. In June 1846 - Thomas Trotter per America and John Greenwell per Susan applications for passports for 12 months to enable them to proceed to the Liverpool Plains in the service of the A.A. Company. In March 1847 Correspondence from Magistrate Richard Furlong recommending that his pardon be delayed by 12 months as punishment and a deterrent to others of his class, Trotter having been charged with drunkenness and riotous conduct
Ploughman and milks. Age 44. Married with 1 child. Native place Hants. Tried at Maidstone 15 December 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for receiving stolen goods. Assigned to Emanuel Hungerford on arrival. Assigned to James Bowman in 1837. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Patrick Plains district in September 1837. Died in Newcastle Hospital January 1843
Ploughman aged 35 from Gloucestershire. Married with 6 children. Tried at Gloucester 13 August 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for horse stealing. Assigned to Minto district on arrival. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Patrick Plains district in May 1843
Labourer aged 24 from Norfolk. Tried at Lynn 19 January 1829. Sentence to 14 years transportation for picking pockets. Assigned to the Dept. Public Works on arrival. In 1837 assigned to Charles Windeyer at Dungog. In February 1843 sent to Newcastle gaol from Dungog charged with deceiving the authorities and making a false statement. Sentenced to 1 month on the treadmill (probably in Sydney) and return to service
Miner aged 19. from Newcastle. Tried at Newcastle 6 August 1828. Sentenced to transportation for life for horse stealing. Assigned to Mineral Surveyor Dept. on arrival. Assigned to Robert Scott at Glendon in August 1832. In 1837 assigned to the A. A. Company. In February 1840 sent to Newcastle gaol on a charge of insolence. In March 1840 sent to Newcastle gaol on a charge of neglect of duty under sentence of 14 days in the cells. Absconded from service of A. A. Company in May 1840 and apprehended in June 1840 at Muswellbrook when he was sent to Hyde Park Barracks. Sent to Newcastle Gaol for 3 weeks for neglect of work in January 1841. Sent to Newcastle gaol charged with being absent without leave in May 1841. Sentenced to 10 days in the cells in November 1843. Admitted to Newcastle gaol from Dungog.
He was considered incorrigible and was returned to Government service at the request of the Commissioner of the A.A. Company. He was granted a Ticket of Leave for Murrurundi district in 1846. Ticket cancelled in November 1850 for being absent from his district
Joiner aged 22 from Bendal. Tried at Liverpool 14 August 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for street robbery. Assigned to Dept. Public Works on arrival. Granted a Ticket of leave for district of Maitland in 1834
Bargeman aged 24 from Berkshire. Tried 14 July 1828. Sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing bacon. Assigned to Emanuel Hungerford at Hunter River on arrival. In 1832 he was sentenced to be worked in irons in a distant gang for 6 months for absence from No 29 gang and being an incorrigible character
Stable boy aged 19 from St. Albans. Tried at St. Albans 16 October 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing a shawl. Assigned to Joseph Wyatt in Sydney on arrival. Sent to Newcastle gaol from Scone in September 1841
Tailor aged 25 from Kilmarnock. Tried at Glasgow 16 September 1828. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing clothes. Assigned to John Bingle at Hunter River on arrival. Granted a Ticket of Leave for Upper Hunter District in March 1834
Notes and Links
1). Medical and surgical journal of His Majesty's convict ship America for 4 March to 31 August 1829 by Alexander Stewart, Surgeon, during which time the said ship was employed in a passage to New South Wales. - UK National Archives
2). George Smith a baker from London arrived on the America. He escaped from the colony in the whaler Venus in March 1832 and was later re-transported on the Marquis of Huntley in 1835 under the name Thomas Sheffield. He died in Sydney Hospital in 1838.
3). Adjutant Montgomery was mentioned in the Last of the Tasmanians: or the Black war of Van Diemen's Land published by James Bonwick. In 1834 the Hobart Town Courier reported that among the officers of the 63d who remain as settlers in Van Diemen's Land, we may enumerate the following, viz. Capt. Vicary, Capt. Nielly, Lieutenant Grove, Lieutenant Aubin, Lieutenant Barrow, Adjutant Montgomery and Ensign Darling.
4). Return of Convicts of the America assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 28 June 1832; 5 July 1832).....
William Anderson - Under butler assigned to Mr. Nicholson, Assistant Surveyor at Parramatta
John Barrett - Blacksmith assigned to George Barber at Argyle
William Brough - Silk Weaver assigned to John Betts at Parramatta
James Browning - Brick maker assigned to Samuel North at Windsor
Robert Jones - Bricklayer assigned to Henry Marr at Sydney
Thomas Jones - Painter's boy assigned to William Hall at Maitland
Thomas Linacre - Plumber and glazier assigned to J.H Edwards at Brisbane Water
William Mackenzie - Nailer assigned to the A.A. Company at Port Stephens
James McGarvey - Ploughman assigned to William Caswell at Port Stephens
William Pythian - Cabinet maker assigned to Robert Cox at Brisbane Water
5). Ships bringing detachments of the 63rd regiment -
Albion departed Sheerness 1 June 1828 - Lieutenant M. Vickery
Eliza departed London 29 June 1828 - Major Sholto Douglas
Marquis of Hastings departed 30 June 1828 - Ensign Stulbmer
Royal George departed Spithead 26 August 1828 - Captain J. Briggs
Vittoria departed Devonport1 September 1828 - Lieutenant Aubyn
Governor Ready departed Cork 21 September 1828 - Lieutenant J. Gibbons Lane
Ferguson departed Dublin 16 November 1828 - Captain D'Arcy Wentworth
Mellish departed Falmouth 2 January 1829 - Captain Baylee
Lord Melville departed London 5 January 1829 - Lieut-Col. Burke
Waterloo departed London 14 March 1829 - Lieutenant T. Grove
America departed Woolwich 8 April 1829 - Adjutant T. Montgomery
Norfolk departed Spithead 22 May 1829 - Ensign W.J. Darling
Guildford departed Dublin 12 July 1829 - Lieut McLean 89th
Larkins departed Cork 16 August 1829 - Captain Mahon
Claudine departed London 24 August 1829 - Captain Paterson
Sarah departed London 29 August 1829 - Lieutenant Croly
Dunvegan Castle departed 30 September 1829 - Lieutenant John Gray
Katherine Stewart Forbes departed Spithead 14 October 1829 - Major Fairtclough
 Historical Records of Australia Vol. XV, p. 386
 National Archives - Reference: ADM 101/2/3 Description: Medical and surgical journal of His Majesty's convict ship America for 4 March to 31 August 1829 by Alexander Stewart, Surgeon, during which time the said ship was employed in a passage to New South Wales.
 Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857. Medical Journal of Alexander Stewart on the voyage of the America in 1829. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.
 Bateson, Charles Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.348-349, 386