Free Settler or Felon 

Colonial Events


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Surname / Subject


Over 14,000 convicts transported to Colony by the end of the year


Colonial vessel Estramina wrecked on the Oyster Bank at Newcastle An account of the wreck from the Sydney Gazette

January 18

Arrival of Convict ship Fanny arrived with 171 male prisoners among them Thomas Parmeter . Surgeon William McDonald

January 18

News of the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte reached Sydney. Subscriptions for Veterans commenced.

January 19

Arrival of the convict ship Mary Anne I . Surgeon James Bowman

January 30

Arrival of the convict ship Ocean with 218 prisoners. Surgeon Edward Foord Bromley


Convict Francis Greenway appointed Civil Architect.


Four white people killed by aborigines near the Nepean.


Survey of the Mouth of the Hunter River by Lieut. Charles Jeffreys. His survey map in Newcastle Morning Herald 15 April 1939 shows High Street (later Watt St.) as the only street in the town.

April 4

The convict ship Alexander arrived from Ireland with female prisoners. Surgeon John W. Hallion

April 8

Arrival of the Convict Ship Guildford . Surgeon Alexander Taylor

April 8

In Sydney patients transferred from the old hospital to the new General Hospital on this day. ( Sydney Gazette)

April 10

Punitive forays against Aborigines at Grose, Nepean and Hawkesbury Rivers by a detachment under Captain Shaw and Captain Wallis of the 46th regiment (Captain Wallis arrived in command of the guard on the General Hewitt in 1814.


First school established in Newcastle.... Henry Wrensford the first schoolmaster


First Pupils at the school at Newcastle....Margaret Carberry, Jane Eckford, Celia Fraser, Catharine Fraser, Catharine Hector, Rebecca Ross, Catharine Irwin, Elizabeth Murphy, William Irwin, John Eckford, Henry Eckford, William Eckford, James Eckford, Peter Fraser, Charles Jenks, John Price, John Maloney. (From Convict Era to Modern Times, Newcastle East School 1816 - 1966, E.J. Braggett)

June 1

Captain James Wallis appointed Commandant at Newcastle His Excellency the Governor has been pleased to appoint Captain James Wallis of the 46th Regiment to be Commandant of the Settlement of Newcastle; and also to be a Justice of Peace and Magistrate of the same Settlement, during his command thereof. The Salary of Captain Wallis as Commandant of Newcastle will commence on and from the Date of his receiving Charge thereof from the present Commandant. Captain Wallis will receive written Instructions for his Guidance, as commandant of Newcastle, previous to his Departure for that Settlement, from the governor . Sydney Gazette 1 June 1816

June 1

First issue of Hobart Town Gazette


Launch of government vessel Elizabeth Henrietta

June 13

Botanical Gardens established in Sydney

June 29

James Clohesy found guilty of burglary and sentenced to hard labour for life 'This day James Clossey was indicted for a burglary committed in the house of Mr. Wilford of Clarence Street, Sydney on the night of the 29th of February last, and stealing a large amount in property among which was a quantity of wearing apparel of good quality, 11 guineas in gold, and other valuable articles. A Crown approver was the chief evidence against the prisoner; the testimony of the said witness being strongly supported by circumstantial evidence of an undoubted nature, the prisoner was found guilty' - Sydney Gazette 29 June 1816

July 22

Atlas III convict ship arrived with 187 male prisoners. Surgeon Patrick Hill

July 27

Foundation stone of South Head Lighthouse, Port Jackson laid by Gov. Macquarie


Bad weather causes the loss of several small vessels Vessel 'Recovery' wrecked at Port Stephens and Solomon Wiseman's Hawkesbury Packet


Vessel Edwin wrecked 100 miles north of Newcastle


Elizabeth Henrietta upset her moorings in the Hunter River. Two people drowned

September 12

The Trial colonial vessel, seized by convicts at Watson's Bay, Port Jackson. (Later found by John Oxley north of Port Stephens)


First emigrant ship to Hobart

October 5

Convict ship Elizabeth I arrived from England. Passenger on board Judge Advocate John Wylde. Surgeon Caryer Vickery

October 11

Arrival of the Mariner Captain John Herbert. Surgeon John Haslam . Cabin passengers included Lieut. Robert Johnston, R.N., Mrs. Broughton, Mr. and Mrs. Tress and family; and Mr. and Mrs. Ikin and family.


Vessel Nautilis ran aground at Newcastle (Captain Edward Edwards)


Horses exported for the Indian army

December 20

Convict Ship Surry arrived from Cork. Master Thomas Raine. Surgeon John. F. Bayley . Explorer Allan Cunningham passenger on board.


2,886 female convicts transported to NSW by the end of 1816