Centre Left on the Map above - 2000 acres granted to Rev. Middleton - Glenrose
Arrival in the Colony
Rev. George Augustus Middleton
arrived on the Prince Regent
with his young son George on 27th January 1820.
When he first arrived in the colony Rev. Middleton worked at Parramatta, however in March 1821 he was appointed Assistant Chaplain at Newcastle.
Newcastle was then a penal settlement presided over by Commandant Major James Thomas Morisset
The Parson's Road
Rev. Middleton had requested and been granted cattle from the government herds in 1820 and these he brought overland to Newcastle accompanied by John de Marquet Blaxland
. The trail John Blaxland marked was afterwards used by absconding convicts making their way south, to the great vexation of Major Morisset.....
Commandant's Office, Newcastle December 18 1821 Frederick, Goulburn Esq., Colonial Secretary,
I am sorry to have to send again a long list of runaways, twelve of them went off in a body for the Parson's Road, as it is now called which is the road the Rev. G.A. Middleton came to this settlement accompanied by 173 head of cattle and Mr. John Blaxland who I am informed marked the trees. Of course the prisoners who now leave this place have no difficulty in finding their way to Sydney and as they have an idea that, the present Governor His Excellency Sir Thomas Brisbane will not send them back, many are induced to leave this place that otherwise would remain quiet and contented, and as the Guard I have here is not equal to the duty I much fear that the desertion will become very quiet if some are not sent back, that have been apprehended and severely punished. One that ran last evening has been taken but they attempted to murder a soldier who was of the party that apprehended them and had he not had timely assistance from some Black Natives would doubtless have succeeded. One of the parties I sent down the Parson's Road consisting of two soldiers and a bush constable have been detained by the Magistrates of Windsor. I hope you will prevent this happening in future as it is only by keeping parties passage backwards and forwards on the road on which they desert that I can expect to deter them from or take them when they try to run. J.T. Morisset
Rev. Middleton resided at the parsonage at Newcastle. He considered the residence to be incomplete and in December 1821 requested to make various alterations. Major Morisset thought the parsonage was more than adequate. In correspondence regarding Rev. Middleton's request he described the parsonage as it was at that time.......
The house has been completed long ago. It consists of a handsome entrance hall, dining, drawing and bed rooms, with a study and store room extremely neatly finished under the same roof. A detached kitchen and two servants rooms with a covered passage leading from the dwelling to the out offices, a yard enclosed by large open sheds a small enclosure at the back of and adjoining the Offices with two necessaries and a garden at the side
. John Bingle in Past and Present Records of Newcastle
states that the parsonage was built in 1820. The location of the Parsonage can be found on John Armstrong's 1830 map of Newcastle
. (The Parsonage was repaired and new offices built in 1831 when Rev. Wilton
Excursion to Lake Macquarie
first arrived in Newcastle in December 1821. Never having been in a penal settlement before he was taken aback at the severity of convict life and unimpressed with his perception of Major Morisset's autocratic control of the settlement, however he and Rev. Middleton became firm friends and together they embarked on a trip to Lake Macquarie
John Bingle described that first visit....
Our parson, the Rev. G.A. Middleton, (who was an especial favourite with the blacks) started with myself with the whole tribe of upwards of one hundred on a walking trip to Lake Macquarie; our necessary supplies, blankets etc they carried on their heads. On arrival I was enchanted with its beautiful scenery, and can never forget it. The whole surrounding country and lake were serene and still, solitude reigned, no tree disturbed, and no trace of the white man's civilization, but all in a natural wild state. We enjoyed all the wild sports of Australian bush life in it's primitive state as the Aborigines of that day (before they were contaminated with our vices) were accustomed to enjoy them. Shooting, fishing, kangarooing and hunting - our game was ample for us all. They supplied us also by diving, with the finest mud oysters for which the waters of the lake are noted, these we scalloped on our bush fires, and we spent five or six days of as much enjoyment as I ever had in any part of the world
.... Past and Present Records of Newcastle by John Bingle
George Augustus Middleton was first married to Mary Ann Hull who died before he came to Australia. Their son George accompanied his father to Australia.
Rev. Middleton married Sarah Rose Pennington
, step-daughter of Joseph Penninton
at Liverpool in 1824. Together they had 15 children, two of whom died in infancy.
He was granted 2,000 acres of Crown land at Patersons Plains adjoining James Webber's land which he named Glenrose
Rev. Middleton moved to Sydney in 1831 where he established a school for young gentlemen in a healthy situation conveniently distant from Sydney
. His residence at the time was known as Bellmaine (Balmain).
He returned to Paterson in 1837
Rev. Middleton died on 15 May 1848 at Hinton. Sarah Middleton died at Tressingfield in March 1863.
Some of the Convicts Assigned to Rev. George Augustus Middleton :
|1821 - 1826
||At the Parsonage at Newcastle|
||Ship Tottenham 1818. In May 1823 sentenced to 50 lashes for refusing to work and neglect of work at Glebe Farm|
||Ship Guildford 1824. In government service working in the garden at the parsonage in 1825. Sentenced to 25 lashes for neglect of duty and improper language towards Rev. Middleton|
||Ship Ocean 1823. Assigned servant in March 1824|
||Ship Guildford 1824. Assigned servant 1824/1825|
||Ship Princess Royal 1823. Assigned servant in 1824|
||Ship Daphne 1819. In May 1823 sentenced to 50 lashes for refusing to work and neglect of work at Glebe Farm|
||Ship Guildford 1824. Assigned servant at Newcastle in April 1824|
||Ship Prince Regent. Assigned servant in 1824|
|| Ship Recovery 1819. In May 1823 sentenced to 50 lashes for refusing to work and neglect of work at Glebe Farm|
||Ship Chapman 1817. Worked at Glebe Farm in 1821|
||Ship Henry 1823. Working at the Church establishment. Charged with irregularity in conduct|
||Ship Malabar 1819. Occupation groom. In July 1824 sentenced to 50 lashes for beating and ill treating a little girl in the service of his master. In April 1825 sentenced to 50 lashes for harbouring improper persons at the parsonage and robbing his master.|
||Came free on the Mary Anne in 1816. Daughter of Alexander and Mary McDonald. Prisoner at Newcastle in November 1823 when Rev. Middleton requested that she be assigned to him|
|| Ship Lady Rowena 1816. Assigned to Rev. Middleton on arrival in 1826|
||Born in the colony. Servant age 14. Employed at Glenrose in 1828|
|| Ship Prince Regent 1820. Farming man employed at Glenrose. Acquitted on a charge of stealing property belonging to Rev. Middleton in August 1826|
||Employed as a stock keeper at Glenrose in 1828|
||Ship Henry 1823. Labourer at Glenrose in 1828|
|| Came free. Employed as a farm servant at Glenrose in 1828|
||Ship General Stewart in 1818. Employed at Glenrose in 1828|
|| Ship Marquis of Wellington 1815. Employed at Glenrose in 1828|
|1837 - 1842
||Ship Pyramus 1836. Assigned servant in March 1837 at Paterson River|
||Ship Diana 1833. Assigned servant in October 1837|
||Ship Lady Harewood 1831. Assigned servant at Paterson|
||Ship Numa 1834. Assigned to Rev. Middleton on her release from Newcastle gaol|
||Ship Bengal Merchant 1838. Absconded from service of Rev. Middleton at Paterson|
||Ship England 1835. Absconded from service in January 1842|
Notes and Links
1). In 1877 a correspondent published a series of letters in the Maitland Mercury. In the articles he reminisces about growing up in the Paterson and Maitland districts and mentions Rev. Middleton.......
No person was allowed to visit the Coal River as the Hunter was first called, while Newcastle was a penal settlement, without a 'pass' signed by the Governor. I never saw but one, which gave the necessary authority to the Rev. G. A. Middleton at one time incumbent of Christ Church, Newcastle. To this gentleman in conjunction with Mr. Blaxland belongs the credit of being the first who ever brought cattle overland by the Bulga from Sydney to the Hunter. - and the stockman assisting is still alive in Morpeth of great age and very decrepit; his name is Pike*, and I hope the record of the fact of the part he had on the occasion may prove a gratification to him, if only a momentary one. Mr. Middleton among several incidents in connection with his incumbency, told me that on one occasion during Divine service, the prisoners being in attendance in chains, the guards in charge seeing or fancying they saw a concerted movement among them, 'presented arms' What a scene under such circumstances? Mr. Middleton had to officiate at a place called the Lime burners, a number of prisoners being stationed there under strong guard for the purpose of procuring and burning shells. Some of the miserable creatures on the occasion of one of his visits had no other clothing than a sugee bag tied round the waist.
Maitland Mercury 23 March 1850
* Possibly Isaac Pike
who arrived on the Hebe in 1820 and died in 1879
2). Select HERE
to find out some of the convicts who were assigned to Rev. Middleton at Newcastle (parsonage), the Glebe farm and at Glenrose.
3). Newcastle in 1822
- A list of buildings in Newcastle in 1822
4). Niel Gunson, 'Middleton, George Augustus (1791 - 1848)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University
5). Paterson History
6). George Augustus Middleton - A Prodigal Priest? - Brian Roach - Nova, University of Newcastle Research Online
7). Australian Cemeteries Index
- Gravestone of Rev. George Augustus Middleton, Colonial Chaplain, Died May 15th 1848 aged 55 yeras. Also, Sarah, His Beloved Wife, Died March 15th 1863 aged 53 years. And Clarence Tyrrell, their infant son.
 Charges and counter charges between Morisset and Revd Middleton. New South Wales Government. Main series of letters received, 1788-1825. Series 897, Reels 6041-6064, 6071-6072. State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia
 Runaways using the Parson's road. Colonial Secretary's Correspondence. Main series of letters received, 1788-1825. Series 897, Reels 6041-6064, 6071-6072. State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.
 Sydney Gazette 15 November 1831