Colonial Events 1800
Entrance to Lake Macquarie
John Hunter Governor of Australia until September 1800
May 3Arrival of the convict ship Minerva from Ireland. Master Joseph Salkeld. Irish Rebel Thomas Brady one of the convicts on board.
February 16Arrival of the convict ship Friendship. Master Hugh Reed. David Collins' description of the convicts of the Friendship - On the 16th the Friendship transport arrived from Ireland with convicts who came in good health; notwithstanding which, they were not calculated to be of much advantage to the settlement; but little addition being gained by their arrival to the public strength. Several of them had been bred up in the habits of genteel life, or to professions in which they were unaccustomed to hard labour; such must become a dead weight upon the provision store; for, nothwithstanding the abhorrence which must have been felt for their crimes, yet it was impossible to divest the mind of the common feelings of humanity, so far as to send a physician, the once respectable sheriff of a county, a Roman catholic priest or a protestant clergyman and his family, to the grubbing hoe, or the timber carriage. Among the lower classes were many old men.
MarchHawkesbury River in Flood
April 15Arrival of botanist George Caley and Lieutenant Governor King and family on the Speedy.
June 26Major Joseph Foveaux appointed acting Lieutenant Governor of Norfolk Island. This officer was appointed Major in the New South Wales Corps the 10th of June, 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in the army the 29th of April, 1802; Colonel in the army the 4th of June, 1811; and Major-General the 4th of June, 1814. He served on the Staff in New South Wales; subsequently served for a short time on the Staff in Ireland as Inspecting Field-Officer of the Waterford Recruiting District, since which he has been unemployed - The Royal Military Calendar, Or Army Service and Commission Book.Volume 3 edited by John Philippart
Entrance to Lake Macquarie discovered by William Reed/Reid when he confused the entrance to the lake for Newcastle harbour. The lake was known for many years as 'Reid's Mistake'
July 9The Anne departed Cork 26 June 1800. Master James Stewart.
August - SeptemberIrish Conspiracy uncovered. The plan was to overturn the government by putting Governor King to Death and confining Governor Hunter. The rebels were to meet at and take Parramatta and then before day light take the Barracks at Sydney. And afterwards to live on the Farms of the Settlers until they heard from France where they had intended to dispatch a ship. The rebels were well armed with pikes and were to be joined by soldiers who it was planned would take the guns to South Head and other places of security. When the plan was revealed, Governor Hunter ordered an enquiry.
SeptemberGovernor King established a system of Fees and Assessments to which all masters of English or foreign merchant vessels arriving at Port Jackson were liable. This revenue from imported goods was the beginning of a 'Custom's House' in the colony.
September 28Governor John Hunter embarked on the HMS Buffalo. Captain Philip Gidley King assumed administration of colony. Rev. Richard Johnson also returned to England on the Buffalo
September 28Examples of flora and fauna sent to England on the HMS Buffalo John Hunter took 'many curiosities' back to England amongst which were:
Three black swans (Caledonia Mercury 4 June 1801)
Three emus (David Collins)
A joey was produced by the kangaroo taken to England some months before (Morning Chronicle 10 March 1801)