Free Settler or Felon 

Convict Ship Duke of Portland

1807


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Ship




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Embarked 192 men
Voyage - 5 months
Deaths - 3
Surgeon's Journal: no
Owner: Daniel Bennett
523 tons, 18 guns, Crew 39
Previous vessel: Sydney Cove arrived 18 June 1807
Next vessel: Speke arrived 16 November 1808
Master John Clarke Spencer
Surgeon Mr. Barr
Convicts and passengers of the Duke of Portland identified in the Hunter Valley

Convicts transported on the Duke of Portland in 1807 came from districts throughout England and Ireland.

Life in the Captivity Hulk

Many were embarked on the vessel from the Captivity Hulk on 2nd January 1807 including the following prisoners who had come from Dublin gaol....Bartholomew Biglane, Archibald Biglane, James Kinsey, John Kinsey, Patrick Hart, Patrick Harydon, Patrick Flynn, Michael Grant, William Costello, James Ferguson and George Thomas.

In September 1807 an inspection took place on the Captivity. The following report illustrates what everyday life on the Captivity was like for the prisoners in 1807.......

The Rev. Henry Down is appointed Chaplain with a Salary of 150/. per annum. The duty, of Prayers and Sermon, is performed every Sunday on board the Captivity; and upon alternate Sundays, on board the Laurel, at Portsmouth, and the Portland Hulk, in Langston Harbour.

The robust and healthy Prisoners belonging to the Captivity, are employed very usefully in the Dock-Yards; and the industrious receive the Dock allowance of one biscuit, a pint of small beer, and a half-penny worth of tobacco daily. The cripples and convalescents spin oakum, and cut wood, which is sold in parcels to the ships of war. Those who suffer under ruptures are now supplied with trusses, upon application made to the Surgeon, whose stipend is 5s. 6d. per day, and medicines found as required. He visits the Hulks every day, and appears attentive to his duty. Sore legs continue to be the prevalent disorder on board, and I saw six men in the Captivity, who were disabled in consequence.

There is no ground allotted for the growth of vegetables to this ship; but on every meat-day one shilling's worth of cabbages are cut into small pieces, and boiled with the beef. The clothing is uniform. Every man has a new jacket, with a waistcoat, breeches, and handkerchief, twice a year; new stockings, and coarse linen shirt four times a year; clean linen once a week; and is twice a week shaved.

The provisions appeared good in quality: With respect to quantity, two of the Convicts are assigned by the rest, to see that justice is done them; and proper scales, weights, and measures, are provided for their use. The allowance is then delivered to the two Convict-cooks. The number detained on board the Captivity, 18th Sept. 1807, was 438. Of these, 196 slept on the lower deck; 162 on the middle deck; and on the upper deck, 44.

To prevent robbery, or the breaking open of each other's boxes in the night, lamps are kept burning; and those accredited Convicts who are employed to do Ship duty, perform that of watchmen, by appointment, during the night: five are set to each ward or deck, and relieve each other every two hours. These, so entrusted, have only a light iron or ring to one leg. All the Convicts sleep in hammocks; those invalids only excepted, who are put on board the Hospital ship; and in fine weather the bedding of all is brought upon the upper deck to air. I found every port-hole open.

The Officers and Crew, consisted of the Captain, and three Mates, the Boatswain, Steward, and twenty-seven common men. A book is kept, and a regular entry made of daily occurrences. The punishment for slight offences on shore, is a stoppage of the dock-allowance; and on board, by additional irons. Those who attempt an escape, receive one, two, or three dozen lashes, inflicted in presence of the other Convicts, and of the Surgeon. From the 1st of January 1807, to the 18th of September, 36 had their dock allowance stopped; 39 had additional irons; and 12 were flogged, according to their demerits. Report of the Hulks at Portsmouth

Departure

The Duke of Portland was awaiting departure at the Motherbank when the Sydney Cove set sail on 11th January 1807.

Map showing location of Portsmouth and the Motherbank


The Duke of Portland departed England on 19th February 1807 in company with the Young William store ship (with members of the NSW Corps) and an India fleet under convoy of the Antelope, Capt. Bazeley, 50 guns. The Antelope was taking Lord Caledon and suite to the Cape of Good Hope. The convoy parted when the Duke of Portland made for Rio de Janeiro.


Port Jackson

The Duke of Portland arrived at Port Jackson twenty days after the Young William on Sunday 27 July 1807 with 189 prisoners. Three prisoners died on the passage out and two others after arrival. She brought a small quantity of sugar and tobacco.


Surgeon Barr

Surgeon Barr is mentioned in the correspondence of Colonial Surgeon Jamison to Viscount Castlereagh in 1807: ........

I further beg leave to represent that the colony is greatly distressed for want of assistant surgeons. I have been under the necessity of employing a Mr. Daniel McCallam to assist me in the discharge of my duty at the General Hospital, where being, since Mr. Wentworth's suspension, only one established assistant surgeon in the colony, who is doing duty at Parramatta. I applied to Mr. Cleghorn and Mr. Barr, who came out surgeons of the transport ships Sydney Cove and Duke of Portland, but neither of them would remain. They appeared disgusted with the treatment medical gentlemen meet with in this remote settlement, and the salary is inadequate to their maintenance, Government allowing only five shillings per day to the junior assistant surgeons. They really cannot exist on that pittance. [1]


Crew

Two of the seamen of the Duke of Portland were mentioned in the press in August - Edward Jones was charged with stealing tobacco and was remanded for further questioning and Erasmus Peters was charged with robbery of a quantity of wearing apparel on board the vessel...... The character given of him was by no means calculated to produce a favourable sentiment; and as the evidence admitted left no doubt he was sentenced to 50 lashes and to be returned to his ship with instructions never to be permitted on shore again in Port Jackson.


Departure

The Duke of Portland departed Port Jackson bound for England on 10 November 1807 and returned to the colony in January 1809.


Convicts of the Duke of Portland identified in the Hunter Valley region:

Names Notes
Bourn, John Tried at Gloucester Assizes 7 March 1804. Sentenced to transportation for life.  Ticket of Leave cancelled in October 1841. Admitted to Newcastle gaol from Maitland in 1841. Sent to Hyde Park Barracks
Brooks, Joseph Tried at Colchester 13 February 1806. Sentenced to transportation for life. Sent to Newcastle for a colonial crime in July 1814. Sentenced to 50 lashes for being absent from government labour at Newcastle in April 1815. Absconded from Newcastle in August 1815. Seems to have disappeared from the records after this time
Campbell, Thomas Tried at the Old Bailey, London 21 May 1806. Thomas Campbell and Margaret Ragan, both age 15 were indicted for feloniously stealing on the 18th of May, a hat, value 5 s. the property of Joseph Tomkins age 12. Both were found guilty of stealing the hat and were sentenced to 7 years transportation. In November 1811 Thomas Campbell was sentenced to be pilloried in Sydney market place and 3 years in the coal mines at Newcastle for having committed a vile and infamous assault upon a girl of 8 yrs. He was listed as a runaway from Newcastle in May 1812
Clarke, Charles Charles Clarke was tried 18 September 1805 at the Old Bailey, London for having with three others burglariously breaking and entering a dwelling house and stealing various goods. He was sentenced to 7 years transportation. In Sydney in September 1812 Daniel Thurston, Charles Clarke, and Thomas Norton were taken into custody on a charge of stealing from the dwelling-house of the late Thomas Abbott, at the corner of York-street, two barrels of gun-powder. They were sentenced to three years hard labour at Newcastle penal settlement. By 1816 he held a licence for a public house in Philip Street Sydney. In 1817 he held the licence for The Feathers public house in Sydney. He may have returned to England with his family in 1819 on the Shipley.
Dent, John Tried at Winchester Court Martial 23 April 1806. Sentenced to transportation for life. Sent to Newcastle in October 1815. Held a ticket of leave in 1828 and was employed as a labourer by John McDonnell at Summergrove, Luskintyre. He was 60 years of age in 1837 and resided at Patrick Plains
Fitzgerald, William Tried at Southampton Quarter Sessions 12 January 1804. Sentenced to 7 years transportation. Sent to Newcastle penal settlement for a colonial crime in June 1811. He was employed as a sawyer at the settlement however absconded in April 1812
Haines, Stephen Alias Haynes. Tried at Taunton Assizes 27 March 1806. Sentenced to transportation for life. In August 1812 Mary O'Hara, Thomas Fenlane, and Stephen Haynes, were indicted for the murder of Patrick Bird, at Parramatta, on the night or early in the morning of the 8th of June 1812. The were convicted of Manslaughter and as they were already laboring under an unexpired order of transportation, were severally sentenced to be imprisoned twelve calendar months, to commence on the expiration of their original terms. Stephen Haynes was sent to Newcastle penal settlement for a colonial crime in September 1815. Still at Newcastle in 1817
Hicks, John Tried at Surrey Assizes 26 March 1806. Sentenced to 7 years transportation. In December 1818 was convicted of receiving part of a bullock that had been stolen by James Osborne and sentenced to Newcastle penal settlement. In 1825 he was assigned to William Hicks near Newcastle. He was granted a Certificate of Freedom in December 1825. In 1828 age 40,  he was employed as a servant to Richard Binder
McQuestion, Thomas Sentenced to transportation for life having been court-martialled at Halifax, Novia Scotia on 7 January 1806. In May 1810 he was employed on the farm of Lieut. Bell at the Hawkesbury. He was sent to Newcastle penal settlement for a colonial crime in 1813 and by 1828 resided at Wilberforce with his wife Sarah (ship Sydney Cove), and was employed as a farmer
Millson, Henry Alias Milsom. Clerk, tried at Somerset 9 August 1806 and sentenced to transportation for life. He was sent to Newcastle penal settlement in October 1810 having been convicted of forgery. He was sent to Norfolk Island to act as Clerk to the Commandant in June 1811. He is recorded in the Historical Records of Australia on a list of four convicts - William Brown, Robert Dawson alias Leech and Benjamin Cordell, who effected their escape on board the ship New Zealander of London, Elder, Master, from Norfolk Island in the year 1811
Muntzler, John Born c. 1760 in Austria. Spouse Margaret Spannuel (ship Recovery 1809). Tried Haslar Court Martial 7 August 1806. Sentenced to 7 years transportation. He was sentenced to Newcastle penal settlement in 1816 for stealing a pig. He was employed as a constable at Newcastle in 1818. In 1819 he was punished for seizing rum and afterwards purloining it however was still employed as a bush constable at Newcastle in 1820 and gave evidence at several inquests. He was employed by John Palmer in 1823.  In 1824 he was free by servitude and employed by Mr. Wilkinson in the Newcastle district. He was employed as a constable in the Upper Hunter River district in 1827. He died as a pauper 2 June 1835 at Newcastle Hospital
Nettleton, Joseph Convicted Middlesex Gaol Delivery 18 September 1805. Sentenced to transportation for life. Spouse 1. Esther Sophia Jamieson. Spouse 2. Elizabeth Anson
Pickering, Charles Tried at Norfolk Assizes 11 August 1806. Sentenced to 14 years transportation. In May 1816 he was found guilty of stealing a trunk belonging to Captain Siddins out of the cabin of the Campbell Macquarie. He was sent to Newcastle penal settlement where he married Catherine Byrne in August 1818. He was at Port Macquarie in 1824 when his wife Catherine was sentenced to three years transportation and petitioned for her to join him at Port Macquarie.
Porter, Benjamin Dublin Court Martial 20 July 1804. Sentenced to transportation for life. Miner. In 1810 he was sent to join the working gang at Coal River. He was in hospital in Sydney in February 1811 and there were requests for him to be returned to the settlement where his skill as a miner was needed. He complained of cruel treatment at Newcastle in April 1811. He absconded from Government employment at Newcastle in April 1825
Rammell, Edward Cork Court Marial 23 July 1804. Sentenced to transportation for life. Admitted to the Captivity Hulk at Portsmouth on  12 December 1806. Sent to the Duke of Portland on 2 January 1807. Granted an Absolute Pardon in October 1818. Petitioned to receive a grant of land in October 1824. In 1828 he was employed by Thomas Pendergast at Ashgrove, Luskintyre
Ratty, James Tried at Kingston 26 March 1806. Sentenced to transportation for life. He was an assigned servant to Charles Throsby in March 1810 when he was sentenced to Newcastle penal settlement for stealing wheat belonging to Throsby at Parramatta. He absconded from custody while on the Lady Nelson in Camp Cove awaiting to proceed to Newcastle in June 1810. His two companions Peter Hogg and Edward Tobin were captured however Ratty remained at large until at least July. He was executed in March 1811 having been found guilty of stealing from the shop of Thomas Abbott, several pieces of broad cloth.... James Hutchinson and James Ratty executed pursuant to their sentence. Shortly after six o'clock the unhappy men were taken from the county gaol and at their own request walked to the place of execution; in their way towards which they shewed no symptoms of agitation but upon the contrary appeared to be little affected by the awful circumstances in which their crimes had placed them. On their arrival at the place of atonement which was on the Sand hills east of the Brickfields, they listened with seeming attention to the exhortations of the Clergyman who attended; and in this instance behaved with decency; but afterwards relapsed into their former apparent unconcern which they supported to the very last moment of their existence They conversed together in their last minutes; Hutchinson gave directions to the executioner respecting the adjustment of the apparatus; both made repeated frivolous observations; and as the cart was about to be driven from beneath them, they joined hands and were launched off in that posture.
Ross, John Tried at Salop Assizes 23 March 1805. Sentenced to transportation for life. Spouse Elizabeth Bennett. Petitioned for a grant of land in 1820  - had lived for several years with Mr. G.W. Evans, Deputy Surveyor at Hobart, then resided at Richmond.   Had endeavoured to support himself, his wife and 4 children by honest industry but had suffered severely in the late floods. He was one of the convicts who accompanied William Cox on the first exploration over the Blue Mountains. Read the Journal kept by William Cox in making a road across the Blue Mountains from Emu Plains to a new country discovered by Mr. Evans to the westward (Project Gutenberg). John Ross was emancipated for his services under William Cox.
Tyndall, Daniel Daniel Tyndall was involved in what became known as The Despard Plot which was a conspiracy by British revolutionaries who planned to assassinate King George III and seize key sites in London. He was tried at Surrey Special Sessions 20 January 1803. The verdict was delivered on 7 February 1803....The Grand Jury returned a true Bill against Edward Marcus Despard, John Wood, Thomas Broughton, John Francis, Thomas Phillips, Thomas Newman, Daniel Tyndall, John Doyle, James Sedgwick Wratten, William Lander, Arthur Graham, Samuel Smith, and John Macnamara, for High Treason. His wife and four children arrived in the colony on the Kangaroo in 1814. Daniel Tyndall petitioned for emancipation in 1817....Petitioner Daniel Tyndall a married man and had a family of two children totally dependent on him for support. Since arrival in the colony had conducted himself with the strictest integrity and propriety and was known as an honest, sober and industrious man. In 1824 he petitioned for a grant of land. He was employed as a carpenter at Newcastle in 1825 - 26 where he lived in a hut in the township
Walters, Samuel Tried at Stafford Assizes 21 March 1804. Sentenced to transportation for life. He was sent to Newcastle as a prisoner in August 1812. He was one of the convicts who accompanied William Cox on the first exploration over the Blue Mountains and was injured by a bullock in September 1814 while on the expedition. Read the Journal kept by William Cox in making a road across the Blue Mountains from Emu Plains to a new country discovered by Mr. Evans to the westward (Project Gutenberg)


Notes and Links

1). Convict David Dickinson arrived on the Duke of Portland. He died in August 1807 and was buried in the Old Sydney Burial Ground

2). Convict engraver Phillip Sleager arrived on the Duke of Portland.

3). Free passengers arriving on the Duke of Portland mentioned in the Colonial Secretary's Index include John Hansen and James Holland.

4). In 1811 two of the prisoners of the Duke of Portland Henry Millson and William Brown together with Robert Dawson alias Leeche of the Admiral Gambier and Benjamin Cordell escaped from Norfolk Island on the ship New Zealander.

5). Among the prisoners who were convicted at the York Assizes in March 1805 were the following prisoners from York Castle. They were admitted to the Captivity Hulk on 27 March 1805 and remained there until 2 January 1807 when they were sent to the Duke of Portland: George Jackson (aged 22) for stealing one gun, the property of John Brathwaite, of Cow Dub, in the township of Dent, in the West Riding, inn keeper; also for being a deserter from the Second Royal Lancashire Military. Seven years transportation. Edward Blake, (aged 38) for having on the 7th day of March, inst. at the house of John Driffield, at the township or hamlet of St. Marygate, in the North Riding, feloniously stolen several Pontefract Bank notes, to the value of eighty five guineas, the property of Richard Woo. Guilty. Seven years transportation William Stephenson alias Scales, for having stolen three keys value 2s, the property of John Williamson of the parish of Whitby, 7 years transportation (Lancaster Gazette 23 March 1805)

6). Three prisoners (Thomas Newman, William Lander and Daniel Tyndall) of the Duke of Portland had taken part in the Despard Conspiracy in 1802. They were condemned to death however were recommended to mercy and reprieved, their sentences mitigated to transportation for life.[2] The Despard Conspiracy was a failed 1802 conspiracy by British revolutionaries led by Colonel Edward Marcus Despard, a former army officer and colonial official. Evidence presented in court suggested that Despard planned to assassinate the monarch George III and seize key strong points in London such as the Bank of England and Tower of London as a prelude to a wider uprising by the population of the city.  One week before the scheduled attack, Despard and his co-conspirators were arrested at the Oakley Arms pub in Lambeth on suspicion of plotting an uprising. - Wikipedia


7). Edward Nelson, recognized as a person who had returned from transportation before the expiration of his time, was brought up for re examination; when his conviction was proved by a certificate of Mr. Kirby. The prisoner said he had made his escape about two years ago, from the hulks, by swimming a mile and a half, with his irons on, to shore at Portsmouth from which place he walked, by night, to London, to his father's house, where with the aid of two knives he extricated himself from his irons, and threw them into the Serpentine River. He afterwards entered himself a sailor on board a man of war, and was in the fleet under Sir Robert Calder, at the time it engaged the combined squadrons of France and Spain. He was committed for trial. - Belfast Newsletter 22 November 1805

8). Trial of Threshers - Carrick-on-Shannon - Thursday December 16 1806 - The Court opened at 10 o'clock pursuant to adjournment. Bills of indictment were sent up to the Grand Jury, against James Ferguson, Michael Grant, and James Conolly, when after some deliberations and examining several witnesses, the bills were found against those persons who are charged under four several counts - associating under the name of threshers, dressed in a garb not usual with his Majesty's subjects on their ordinary occasions, dressed in white shirts, armed with guns, pikes, and other weapons - and that they did assemble after such manner on the night of 29th October last, at Gortinmore in the county of Leitrim The prisoners were put to the bar and pleaded not guilty. First witness on behalf of the Crown, Richard Irwin of Dremulla, a Magistrate - Recollects the 29th October last - had heard on that day of an intended meeting of Threshers, was informed they were to come into the Parish he was in (Carrygallan) on that night, to swear in persons to be of their party - went out about twelve or one o'clock on that night, with a party of yeomanry - party consisted of about 14 or 15 - came up with the on the lands of Gortermone - they were marching in regular order - at first took them for a stream of water being dressed white - 150 in number - Threshers stopped at the house off one Castello - brought out a coal and gave a hurra - he supposes to encourage their party - upon this, witness gave orders to fire - Threshers immediately fled - witness not being active enough to join in the pursuit, remained on the field, while the party pursued - witness found some pikes, some pitchforks and a grape, on the ground the Threshers stood on - witness explains to the court, what he meant by a grape 9 a three prong pitchfork) found also a straw bonnet and shirt - party in about fifteen minutes returned with the prisoners Grant and Connolly, had shirts over their clothes - Ferguson had not - knew the latter before - knew Grant and Little but not Connolly - prisoners confessed their being sworn - but in the defence said they had complied through force - but declared that they knew not the person who had compelled them to become Threshers - witness asked the nature of the Threshers oath as he had most depended on him - Ferguson said, it was to observe the Threshers laws, to go out when called upon - to pay no Tythes, except to the Rector, and not to prosecute a Thresher - knew Ferguson to be a protestant - Ferguson said nothing about the dues of the Priest - Connolly acknowledged he carried a grape shaft - Grant carried a pitchfork - Ferguson had a short in his pocket with much bog dirt on it - owned it to be his.......The Jury retired and after about half an hour's deliberation found the three prisoners guilty. Sentence transportation for life. The trial lasted the whole of the day; both the Judges sat on the Bench and the court was greatly crowded. - Belfast Newsletter 26 December 1806

Trial of Threshers - Monday, December, 8th, 1806. Thomas Kilmartin and John Killerlane were indicted, for that they with many others, on the 21st of September, 1806, at Lugnadiva in the county of Sligo, did unlawfully, to seize into their hands the arms of the regular and orderly inhabitants of the country. Gentlemen, it is not imputed to the prisoner, that he was the captain or leader of these disturbers of the peace; nor that he was the man who fired into Brett's house; nor that he was the man, who with the sheaf of oats, threatened to burn the house, if the arms were not delivered out - what he is charged to have done is, the searching about the house, looking for arms - and it is right, that you should know, and that this crowded audience should hear, that when a body or party of men go out to commit a felony, every man of them is as criminal as the leader or captain. - The captain could do little mischief, if he were alone, and without the presence and support of his deluded followers: and all persons here should likewise know the danger of going forth with a riotous and tumultuous body of men, to disturb the peace : for although a man should go out resolved to do nothing more than to add himself to their number; yet that will not save or defend him in a court of justice; for here he will have to answer for every act, which the worst man of that party may in his wantonness and wickedness commit, in furtherance of the object of the rising; and thus it may happen, that a man, who never before offended against the laws of his country, may after he has joined such a body, and before he has remained a quarter of an hour in their company, or gone a field's length, be fatally involved, and guilty in law of murder, burglary, robbery, and the test crimes. It is right, that you should now that such is the law, and it is import: that all now present should know it also. Gentlemen, upon the evidence here given, you are now to consider, and decide, whether the prisoner be guilty or not; and if upon the evidence, a fair or reasonable doubt arises, you should give way to that doubt, and acquit, but if you find your minds satisfied, and convinced by evidence, in that case you will find the truth. The Jury retired, and after deliberating near an hour, returned a verdict, guilty. The Court then adjourned to Monday, upon which day and Tuesday, the following persons were tried before the lord chief justice for wilfully, and tumultuously rise, and assemble and appear by night to the terror of his majesty's subjects - and did assume the name and denomination of Threshers and wear unusual badges, namely white shirts over their cloaths, and white bands over their hats, etc. against peace and statute. The prisoners were found guilty, and sentenced to be twice publicly whipped, and imprisoned for six months.

Patrick Hart, Bartholomew Bighlane, Archibold Biglane, James Kinzy, and John Kinzy, were indicted, for that they on the 21st of November, 1806, at Oghill, in the county of Sligo, did feloniously in a forcible manner, demand fire arms from Robert Armstrong, with intent feloniously to rob him thereof, against peace and statute. The prisoners were all convicted and sentenced to be transported for seven years. Cobbett's Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings

9) Trial of Patrick Hart, Bartholomew Biglane, Archibold Biglane, James Kinzy and John Kinzy.

10). Political Prisoners

11). Extract of a letter from Cavan dated December 23 - Yesterday the Special Commission opened in this town - Francis Donohoo was twice arraigned; first for administering and afterwards for tendering an illegal oath, but acquitted of both the charges - (George) Thomas, the witness for the Crown, was in consequence off his gross prevarication, committed, tried, and convicted of perjury; and sentenced to transportation for life. Such was the result of the Commission in this county, and it will no doubt afford you much satisfaction as it did the Court and Gentry of this place, to find how truly insignificant the insurrection of the Threshers has been, though so much exaggerated by the different accounts circulated in Dublin' - Finn's Leinster Journal 31 December 1806.


12). Proceedings of a General Court-martial Held at Chelsea Hospital. By George Johnston, J. Bartrum.......

{Extract from John Blaxland's evidence mentioning Duke of Portland}........

'Sydney, 32d of January 1808.

'Do you know of that report - I know nothing of that; I can only state, as I have done already, that I did not wish for that land at Lane-Cove ; I took it upon the understanding that I should have the remaining part good; I did select a part which I thought good, and that it was not permitted me to have. -
Do-you not know that the Duke of Portland was the only ship that brought out male convicts while Capt. Bligh was Governor; and do you know whether this paper is a true account of the distribution of those convicts? - I cannot speak to that ; the Duke of Portland did come out while I was there. -

[It appeared that the Duke of Portland landed at Sydney 189 convicts, two of whom died on shore soon after, leaving 187; and that Mr. Blaxland had ten men out of this ship, and thirteen others in his employment, in all twenty-three men.

Do you know whether that was the only ship - No, I do not know.

Do you not know that Gov. Bligh had various applications from the settlers for convicts at the time you received yours? - I believe he had many.

Can you state any instance of any settler receiving, from partiality, a greater allowance of cattle and convicts than yourself? - Of the ten of those which I got out of the Duke of Portland, the Governor professed to let me have them as they stood in the books : but I understood that three of those who were found to be useful were taken from me.


References

[1] HR NSW Vol.VI., p.329

[2] The Bury and Norwich Post: Or, Suffolk, Norfolk, Essex, and Cambridge Advertiser (Bury Saint Edmunds, England), Wednesday, February 23, 1803; Issue 1078. 19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part II).




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